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dc.contributorWichita State University. School of Nursingen_US
dc.contributor.authorRiordan, Janice M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGross, Aimeeen_US
dc.contributor.authorAngeron, Judyen_US
dc.contributor.authorKrumwiede, Beckyen_US
dc.contributor.authorMelin, Jerien_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-28T20:29:28Z
dc.date.available2012-02-28T20:29:28Z
dc.date.issued2000-02en_US
dc.identifier11138228en_US
dc.identifier8709498en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association. 2000 Feb; 16(1): 7-12.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0890-3344en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1177/089033440001600103en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10057/4578
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractWe examined the relationship of labor pain relief medications with neonatal suckling and breastfeeding duration in 129 mothers delivering vaginally. Suckling was measured using the Infant Breastfeeding Assessment Tool (IBFAT). Controlling for infant age, birthweight, and gender, infants of unmedicated mothers had higher IBFAT suckling scores than those of medicated mothers (x = 11.1 vs. x = 8.2 respectively, P = .001). IBFAT suckling scores for intravenous and epidural groups were similar (x = 8.5) while those who received a combination of both intravenous and epidural medications were lower (x = 6.4 +/- 2.96, P = .001). Mothers evaluated their breastfeeding similarly to nurse evaluators (Z = 9.39, P = .001). Breastfeeding duration did not differ between unmedicated and medicated groups; however, dyads with low IBFAT scores weaned earlier than those with medium or high scores. Labor pain relief medications diminish early suckling but are not associated with duration of breastfeeding through 6 weeks postpartum.en_US
dc.format.extent7-12en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherSage Publicationsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Human Lactation : Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Associationen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJ Hum Lacten_US
dc.sourceNLMen_US
dc.subjectResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov'ten_US
dc.subject.meshAdulten_US
dc.subject.meshAnalgesia, Obstetrical/adverse effectsen_US
dc.subject.meshAnalysis of Varianceen_US
dc.subject.meshBreast Feeding/psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshFollow-Up Studiesen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshInfant, Newbornen_US
dc.subject.meshMaleen_US
dc.subject.meshMothers/psychologyen_US
dc.subject.meshNursing Assessmenten_US
dc.subject.meshObstetric Labor Complications/drug therapyen_US
dc.subject.meshPain/drug therapyen_US
dc.subject.meshPregnancyen_US
dc.subject.meshSucking Behavior/drug effectsen_US
dc.subject.meshTime Factorsen_US
dc.subject.meshWeaningen_US
dc.subject.meshBreast Feeding/statistics & numerical dataen_US
dc.titleThe effect of labor pain relief medication on neonatal suckling and breastfeeding durationen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.coverage.spacialUnited Statesen_US
dc.description.versionpeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2000 International Lactation Consultant Associationen_US


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