Pain, disability, and pain/disability relationships in seven rheumatic disorders: a study of 1,522 patients
Hawley, Donna J.
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The Journal of rheumatology. 1991 Oct; 18(10): 1552-7.
We studied the pain, Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire functional disability, pain/disability ratio, and psychological scores in 1,522 patients with rheumatic disease with 7 distinct disorders. Individual differences between patients were more striking than differences among diagnostic groups. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) had the greatest disability, least pain, lowest pain/disability ratio, and least abnormal psychological scores. Highest pain and psychological distress was noted in low back pain, neck pain, and fibromyalgia (axial disorders). Disability in activities of daily living was as high in fibromyalgia as in RA, but low in axial skeletal disorders. There appears to be a continuum for disability that begins with axial but not articular disease (neck and back pain) and ends with multiple articular and periarticular involvement (RA and fibromyalgia).
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