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dc.contributorWichita State University. School of Nursingen_US
dc.contributor.authorRiordan, Janice M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-28T20:28:59Z
dc.date.available2012-02-28T20:28:59Z
dc.date.issued1997-06en_US
dc.identifier9233193en_US
dc.identifier8709498en_US
dc.identifier.citationJournal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association. 1997 Jun; 13(2): 93-7.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0890-3344en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1177/089033449701300202en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10057/4539
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractBreastfeeding, a valuable natural resource, promotes health, helps prevent infant and childhood disease, and saves health care costs. Additional annual national health care costs, incurred for treatment of four medical conditions in infant who were not breastfed were estimated. Infant diarrhea in nonbreastfed infants costs $291.3 million; respiratory syncytial virus, $225 million; insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, from $9.6 to $124.8 million; and otitis media, $660 million. Thus, these four medical diagnoses alone create just over $1 billion of extra health care costs each year. Breastfeeding may also enhance intellectual development of children according to at least one medical research study. The potential societal benefits of more intelligent children is incalculable even though it cannot be directly measured in terms of dollars. Finally, it was calculated that an additional $2,665,715 in federal funds is needed yearly in order for WIC to provide infant formula to nonbreastfeeding mothers. For the average family, the cost of purchasing formula is twice the cost of supplemental food for the breastfeeding mother. Breastfeeding education and support should be an integral part of health care, especially under managed care which rewards the prevention of health problems and reduced use of health services.en_US
dc.format.extent93-7en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherSage Publicationsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Human Lactation : Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Associationen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJ Hum Lacten_US
dc.sourceNLMen_US
dc.subjectReviewen_US
dc.subject.meshBottle Feeding/adverse effectsen_US
dc.subject.meshBreast Feedingen_US
dc.subject.meshCost Savingsen_US
dc.subject.meshDiabetes Mellitus, Type 1/economicsen_US
dc.subject.meshDiarrhea, Infantile/economicsen_US
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_US
dc.subject.meshFood, Formulated/economicsen_US
dc.subject.meshHealth Care Costsen_US
dc.subject.meshHumansen_US
dc.subject.meshInfanten_US
dc.subject.meshInfant Food/economicsen_US
dc.subject.meshInfant, Newbornen_US
dc.subject.meshOtitis Media/economicsen_US
dc.subject.meshRespiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/economicsen_US
dc.subject.meshUnited Statesen_US
dc.subject.meshBottle Feeding/economicsen_US
dc.titleThe cost of not breastfeeding: a commentaryen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.coverage.spacialUnited Statesen_US
dc.description.versionpeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 1997 International Lactation Consultant Associationen_US


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