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dc.contributor.authorEaton, H. J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLydy, Michael J.en_US
dc.identifier.citationArchives of environmental contamination and toxicology. 2000 Nov; 39(4): 531-40.en_US
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated water quality of the Arkansas River and its tributaries in the Wichita, Kansas, area. Water quality assessment included an evaluation of urban versus agricultural areas using a twofold approach: (1) assessment of fish community health using an index of biotic integrity (IBI); and (2) analysis of organochlorine (OC) insecticides in fish tissue (Cyprinus carpio) and sediment samples via gas chromatography. Results of the IBI analysis indicated that the overall health of the fish community was poor. No significant difference existed among IBI scores at urban sites compared to agricultural sites; however, a pattern was noted with higher IBI scores at the agricultural sites. Total IBI scores and individual metrics were not statistically correlated to either normalized or non-normalized organochlorine concentrations in fish or sediment. Lindane, chlordane, 4,4'-DDT, and 4,4'-DDE were the most commonly detected OCs in sediment and fish tissue and often exceeded federal guidelines. Total OC concentrations and their detection frequency were significantly greater in urban than agricultural areas. In addition, a significant correlation was found among total OC concentrations in fish and sediment. This assessment concluded that overall water quality in the Wichita area was poor and that the urban area has significantly impacted water quality.en_US
dc.publisherSpringer New Yorken_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesArchives of environmental contamination and toxicologyen_US
dc.subjectComparative Studyen_US
dc.subject.meshFresh Water/analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshGeologic Sediments/analysisen_US
dc.subject.meshHydrocarbons, Chlorinateden_US
dc.subject.meshTissue Distributionen_US
dc.subject.meshUrban Healthen_US
dc.subject.meshWater Pollutants, Chemical/metabolismen_US
dc.subject.meshWater Pollutants, Chemical/analysisen_US
dc.titleAssessment of water quality in Wichita, Kansas, using an index of biotic integrity and analysis of bed sediment and fish tissue for organochlorine insecticidesen_US
dc.description.versionpeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2000, Springer New Yorken_US

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