Recent Submissions

  • Mars: science before settlement 

    Schwartz, James S. J. (Taylor & Francis, 2019-06-28)
    I review Mars science goals, including those associated with the study of Mars’ past and present habitability, as well as those associated with understanding Mars’ atmosphere and climate. I argue that Mars settlement ...
  • The Great Colonization Debate 

    Smith, Kelly C.; Abney, Keith; Anderson, Gregory; Billings, Linda; DeVito, Carl L.; Green, Brian Patrick; Johnson, Alan R.; Marino, Lori; Munevar, Gonzalo; Oman-Reagan, Michael P.; Potthast, Adam; Schwartz, James S. J.; Tachibana, Koji; Traphagan, John W.; Wells-Jensen, Sheri (Elsevier, 2019-02-22)
    This special issue grew out of a series of discussions on the ethics of human colonization in the context of the 2018 SoCIA (Social and Conceptual Issues in Astrobiology) meeting in Reno, NV. These exchanges, both by email ...
  • The epistemic norm of inference and non-epistemic reasons for belief 

    Bondy, Patrick R. (Springer Nature, 2019-03-05)
    There is an important disagreement in contemporary epistemology over the possibility of non-epistemic reasons for belief. Many epistemologists argue that non-epistemic reasons cannot be good or normative reasons for holding ...
  • Editorial: To: The editor of JBIS, 26 July 2018 

    Schwartz, James S. J. (British Interplanetary Society, 2018-10)
  • Space settlement: What's the Rush? 

    Schwartz, James S. J. (Elsevier, 2019-02-20)
    In this paper I argue that obligations associated with the scientific exploration and study of the solar system are, over sub-millennial timescales, stronger than obligations associated with the preservation of humanity ...
  • Book review: The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Ethics 

    Birondo, Noell N. (Cambridge University Press, 2018-10)
    'Greek Ethics', an undergraduate class taught by the British moral philosopher N.J.H. Dent, introduced this reviewer to the ethical philosophy of ancient Greece. The class had a modest purview - a sequence of Socrates, ...
  • Book review: Aristotle's Concept of Mind 

    Birondo, Noell N. (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019-01)
    In this ambitious first book, Erick Raphael Jiménez argues that a good model for understanding Aristotle’s concept of mind (nous) lies in Aristotle’s account of the perception of time. This “time-perception model” of mind ...
  • Book review: Means, ends, and persons: the meaning & psychological dimensions of Kant's humanity formula 

    Castro, Susan V. H. (Koninklijke Brill NV., 2018)
    Audi's aim in Means, Ends, and Persons is to introduce an ethics of conduct in which treatment of persons features as a central case. The approach to conduct is inspired by Kant, and there are moments of explicit contact, ...
  • Myth-free space advocacy part III: The myth of educational inspiration 

    Schwartz, James S. J. (Elsevier, 2018-02)
    I argue against a common belief among space advocates that spaceflight is "educationally inspiring" in that it has a clear, positive impact on scientific literacy and on STEM education. On the basis of a variety of survey ...
  • Book review: Passions & Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn 

    Birondo, Noell N. (Wiley, 2017-01-01)
    Simon Blackburn has not shied away from the use of vivid imagery in developing, over a long and prolific career, a large-scale philosophical vision. Here one might think, for instance, of ‘Practical Tortoise Raising’ or ...
  • Chapter 10 -- Some Ethical Constraints on Near-Earth Resource Exploitation 

    Schwartz, James S. J.; Milligan, Tony (Springer, Vienna, 2017)
    One of the most common and enduring justifications for space exploration is that resources are limited here but plentiful elsewhere. Exploration has the potential to enable humanity to access the vast store of resources ...
  • Chapter 4 -- Equilibrium, Natural Motion, and Models of Explanation 

    Hepburn, Brian S. (Springer, Cham, 2017)
    A key theme in the historiographical work of Machamer has been the ways that motion is made intelligible through explanatory means of natural motion and models of the simple machines such as the lever and pendulum. One way ...
  • Chapter 7 -- The Theory of Ideas 

    Soles, David E. (Wiley, 2016)
    Locke believes that every mental act, event or state essentially involves ideas and that our only access to the world is through ideas. The theory of ideas, thus, is central to his philosophy, and understanding the ...
  • Myth-free space advocacy part I-The myth of innate exploratory and migratory urges 

    Schwartz, James S. J. (Elsevier, 2017-08)
    This paper discusses the "myth" that we have an innate drive to explore or to migrate into space. Three interpretations of the claim are considered. According to the "mystical interpretation," it is part of our "destiny" ...
  • Chapter 1 -- Introduction: The scope and content of space ethics 

    Schwartz, James S. J.; Milligan, Tony (Springer International Publishing, 2016-07-23)
    The contributions to the volume are accessible and state-of-the-art overviews of several of the major “theoretical” and “practical” issues in space ethics. Ranging from matters of inherent value and theory construction, ...
  • Chapter 7 -- On the methodology of space ethics 

    Schwartz, James S. J. (Springer International Publishing, 2016-07-23)
    This chapter addresses space’s impact on the methods of normative and applied ethics. My primary contention, by way of the dispute between value monism and pluralism in environmental ethics , is that our knowledge of the ...
  • Chapter 4 -- Lunar Labor Relations 

    Schwartz, James S. J. (Springer International Publishing, 2016-03-11)
    This chapter defends the claim that at least some essential service strikes will be morally permissible in lunar societies. I argue by analogy with essential service strikes in medicine. The duty to provide medical care ...
  • Near-Earth water sources: ethics and fairness 

    Schwartz, James S. J. (Elsevier Ltd., 2016-08-01)
    There is a small finite upper bound on the amount of easily accessible water in near-Earth space, including water from C-type NEAs and permanently shadowed lunar craters. Recent estimates put this total at about 3.7 x ...
  • Virtue and prejudice: giving and taking reasons 

    Birondo, Noell N. (Oxford University Press, 2016-04-01)
    The most long-standing criticism of virtue ethics in its traditional, eudaimonistic variety centers on its apparently foundational appeal to nature in order to provide a source of normativity. This paper argues that a ...
  • Mathematical structuralism, modal nominalism, and the coherence principle 

    Schwartz, James S. J. (Oxford University Press, 2015-10)
    According to Stewart Shapiro's coherence principle, structures exist whenever they can be coherently described. I argue that Shapiro's attempts to justify this principle (along with his position, ante rem structuralism) ...

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