An adaptive algorithm for sensor activation in renewable energy based sensor systems
Mereddy, Sandeep Reddy
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Mereddy, S.R.; Jaggi, N.; Pendse, R.; , "An adaptive algorithm for sensor activation in renewable energy based sensor systems," Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing (ISSNIP), 2009 5th International Conference on , vol., no., pp.55-60, 7-10 Dec. 2009 doi: 10.1109/ISSNIP.2009.5416753
Future sensor networks would comprise of sensing devices with energy harvesting capabilities from renewable energy sources such as solar power. A key research question in such sensor systems is to maximize the asymptotic event detection probability achieved in the system, in the presence of energy constraints and uncertainties. This paper focuses on the design of adaptive algorithms for sensor activation in the presence of uncertainty in the event phenomena. We borrow ideas from increase/decrease algorithms used in TCP congestion avoidance, and design an online and adaptive activation algorithm, that varies the subsequent sleep interval according to additive increase and multiplicative decrease based upon the sensor's current energy level. In addition, the proposed algorithm does not depend on global system parameters, or on the degree of event correlations, and hence can easily be deployed in practical scenarios. Through extensive simulations, we demonstrate that the proposed algorithm not only achieves near-optimal performance, but also exhibits more stability with respect to sensor's energy level and sleep interval variations.
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