Fall Prevention Programs in Rural Areas: A Systematic Review
AdvisorHale, LaDonna S.
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Sudbeck, Marcy & Schrader, Melissa (2011). Fall Prevention Programs in Rural Areas: A Systematic Review. -- In Proceedings: 7th Annual Symposium: Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p. 142-143
Falls are a leading cause of injury and disability among older adults. A systematic literature review of Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Internet was conducted to evaluate efficacy of rural, community-dwelling fall prevention programs. Four studies focusing on different fall prevention programs were evaluated: 1) tai chi, 2) medication review, 3) program of education, exercise, home safety, and nutritional counseling, and 4) a comparison of education, home safety, and exercise. Two studies directly measured fall reduction, tai chi (no difference) and medication review (mixed results). All four demonstrated improvements in some fall risk factors. These strategies may effectively reduce fall risk factors in the rural setting [Grade B]. Not enough evidence exists to make a recommendation regarding actual fall reduction.
Paper presented to the 7th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Marcus Welcome Center, Wichita State University, May 4, 2011.
Research completed at the Department of Physician Assistant