Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorPatterson, Jeremy A.
dc.contributor.authorFryman, Ashley Rose
dc.descriptionThesis (M.Ed.)--Wichita State University, College of Education, Dept. of Human Performance Studiesen
dc.description.abstractStudies have demonstrated the effect of dominance on bone mineral density (BMD) of both weight bearing and non-weight bearing limbs and the effect of physical activity and specific sports, such as tennis, gymnastics, and volleyball on bmd of the predominantly used limb(s) versus non-used limb(s). Like tennis and volleyball, the Wichita State University (WSU) bowling team performs a high volume of repetitive use of their bowling arm on a regular basis. This is the first study to investigate the effect of ten-pin bowling at an elite collegiate level on BMD of the bowling arm compared to the non-bowling arm. Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Unit (Hologic QDR 4500W Elite) was used to assess BMD of bilateral arms (whole body scan) and bilateral forearms (forearm scan) of 25 (N=13 males, N=12 females) collegiate bowlers (20.72 ± 1.46 yrs). In this study, the forearm scans showed significantly greater (p<0.05) BMD in the bowling arm (0.635 ± .05 g·cm-2) compared to the non-bowling arm (0.618 ± .06 g·cm-2) of both male and female bowlers. However, when separated by gender, the female bowling arm showed a significantly greater difference between arms (4.1 ± 3.1% difference, p<0.05) and compared to the males (1.5 ± 2.6% difference, p<0.05). Whole body scans of the left and right arms were also assessed and similar results were observed in the bowling arm compared to the non-bowling arms of males (3.81 ± 5.19%, p<0.05) and females (4.15 ± 2.54%, p<0.05). In conclusion, the female elite level collegiate ten-pin bowlers demonstrate an increased BMD in the bowling forearm when compared to the non-bowling forearm.en
dc.format.extentvii, 88 p.en
dc.format.extent586923 bytes
dc.format.extent1843 bytes
dc.publisherWichita State Universityen
dc.rightsCopyright Ashley Rose Fryman, 2010. All rights reserveden
dc.subject.lcshElectronic dissertationsen
dc.titleAssessment of bone mineral density in forearms of collegiate ten-pin bowlersen

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • CAS Theses and Dissertations
    Master's theses and Ed.D. dissertations of College of Education
  • HPS Theses
  • Master's Theses
    This collection includes Master's theses completed at the Wichita State University Graduate School (Fall 2005 -- current) as well as selected historical theses.

Show simple item record