Pediatric adverse drug event occurrence in a community hospital
Mosiman, Wendy L. (2010). Pediatric adverse drug event occurrence in a community hospital. -- In Proceedings: 6th Annual Symposium: Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p. 51-52
Hospitalized children are at greater risk for adverse drug events (ADEs) due to varying size, development and lack of pediatric specific dosing.The project determined ADE rate for40 randomly selected pediatric hospitalized inpatients utilizing the Pediatric-Focused Trigger Tool in a retrospective review. 171 triggers revealed 10 unique ADEs involving 8 patients, including ICU, general unit, and ER. Mean ADE rates were 25/100, 47.84/1000 days and 28.01/1000 medication doses, 50% preventable. Constipation and oversedation werecommon. Opiates and benzodiazepines/anti-epilepsy medications were associated with ADEs. Thirty percent required initial or prolonged hospitalization. ADE rates in a community hospital were higher than the rates reported for children’s hospitals. This rate will serve as a benchmark as new safety measures are implemented.
Fifth Place winner of oral presentations at the 6th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Hughes Metropolitan Complex, Wichita State University, April 23, 2010.
Research completed at the School of Nursing, College of Health Professions