High-definition ion mobility/mass spectrometry with structural isotopic shifts for nominally isobaric isotopologues
Shvartsburg, Alexandre A.
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Pathak, P., & Shvartsburg, A. A. (2023). High-Definition Ion Mobility/Mass Spectrometry with Structural Isotopic Shifts for Nominally Isobaric Isotopologues. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 127(17), 3914-3923. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.3c01792
We had reported the isotopic envelopes in differential IMS (FAIMS) separations depending on the ion structure. However, this new approach to distinguish isomers was constrained by the unit-mass resolution commingling all nominally isobaric isotopologues. Here, we directly couple high-definition FAIMS to ultrahigh-resolution (Orbitrap) MS and employ the resulting platform to explore the FAIMS spectra for isotopic fine structure. The peak shifts therein for isotopologues of halogenated anilines with 15N and 13C (split by 6 mDa) in N2/CO2 buffers dramatically differ, more than for the 13C, 37Cl, or 81Br species apart by 1 or 2 Da. The shifts in FAIMS space upon different elemental isotopic substitutions are orthogonal mutually and to the underlying separations, forming fingerprint multidimensional matrices and 3-D trajectories across gas compositions that redundantly delineate all isomers considered. The interlocking instrumental and methodological upgrades in this work take the structural isotopic shift approach to the next level.
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