The effects of strength and flexibility training versus endurance and balance training on improving gait and balance in older adults
AdvisorSmith, Barbara S.
MetadataShow full item record
Grisolano, D.; Isaac, B.; Kangas, F.; Schmidt, M.; Turnbull, S. 2022. The effects of strength and flexibility training versus endurance and balance training on improving gait and balance in older adults -- In Proceedings: 18th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University
INTRODUCTION: Geriatric mortality is greatly impacted by falls and comorbidities that arise from non-fatal accidents in the United States. Every year, one in three adults, 65 years and older fall; the number of individuals and falls per individual increases sharply at the age of 80, where one of every two experience one fall or more annually. PURPOSE: The study's purpose was to close the gaps present in current research regarding fall risk vs falls sustained, intervention adherence, and which intervention(s) are deemed more beneficial and sustainable for this population. METHODS: We utilized convenience sampling and snowball effect via blast email with a Qualtrics survey and word-of-mouth to gather participants. Participant sample was determined by age of 65 or older, access to a computer and internet (all information was sent via email or links), and no immediate health concerns or surgeries in the last 6 months. All individuals who qualified were sent a consent form, pre- and post-intervention measures of Self-Paced Walk Test (SPWT) and Falls Efficacy Scale (FES), along with their intervention protocol. Protocol and group assignments were determined using a random number generator. RESULTS: Only three participants completed the study. Participants improved in the SPWT however only one participant improved their FES score. CONCLUSION: Current results of decreased SPWT times suggest either exercise program may improve ambulation efficiency. Future studies to determine the most beneficial and sustainable exercise interventions for this population are warranted. Performing this research online may have affected compliance and efficacy.
Presented to the 18th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Rhatigan Student Center, Wichita State University, April 29, 2022
Research completed in the Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions