Guardians: Masculine honour beliefs and perceptions of men’s roles in preventing sexual violence
Saucier, Donald A.
Martens, Amanda L.
Ewers, Karli J.
Renken, Noah D.
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Donald A. Saucier, Amanda L. Martens, Karli J. Ewers & Noah D. Renken (2022) Guardians: masculine honour beliefs and perceptions of men’s roles in preventing sexual violence, Journal of Sexual Aggression, DOI: 10.1080/13552600.2022.2082572
Across two studies, we examined how individual differences in masculine honour beliefs (MHB) related to perceptions of men’s responsibilities in preventing sexual assaults committed against women. Higher levels of MHB were associated with greater perceptions that a male bystander either witnessing a male perpetrator initiate sexually pressuring behaviours (Study 1), or sexual assault (Study 2), should physically intervene. Higher levels of MHB were also associated with greater perceptions that a male bystander should be held responsible for the sexual assault if he failed to prevent it from occurring (Studies 1 and 2). Our research extends the theoretical framework of masculine honour ideology by demonstrating that masculine honour beliefs may inspire both prosocial (e.g. bystander intervention) and antisocial (e.g. vigilantism on behalf of women) in preventing sexual violence against women. © 2022 National Organisation for the Treatment of Abusers.PRACTICE IMPACT STATEMENT: Practically, this research suggests adherence to masculine honour ideology may manifest in bystander intervention to prevent sexual violence against women. That is, individuals with higher levels of masculine honour beliefs may be more likely to physically intervene as a bystander in situations where women are at risk of being sexually assaulted. This research may inform institutions (e.g. colleges, universities) on how to utilise honour-based messages to highlight men’s roles in the prevention of sexual violence. Future research should continue to examine how masculine honour ideology may inspire expectations for behaviour in preventing other forms of violence in our society, such as intimate partner violence.
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