Adolescent bullying victimization and psychosomatic symptoms: Can relationship quality with fathers buffer this association?
Espelage, Dorothy L.
Lee, Shawna J.
DeLara, Ellen W.
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Hong, J. S., Valido, A., Espelage, D. L., Lee, S. J., deLara, E. W., & Lee, J. M. (2021). Adolescent bullying victimization and psychosomatic symptoms: Can relationship quality with fathers buffer this association? Journal of Affective Disorders, doi:10.1016/j.jad.2021.09.013
The present study explored racial/ethnic and sex differences in fathers’ awareness and perceived ease of communication with fathers and how they are related to adolescent bullying victimization and psychosomatic symptoms. Data were drawn from the 2009 to 2010 Health Behavior in School-Aged Children study in the United States. The sample consists of 5,121 White, 1,497 African American, and 1,850 Hispanic adolescents in grades 5 to 10. For all three racial and ethnic groups, bullying victimization was positively associated with psychosomatic symptoms. A higher level of the child's perception of their father's awareness was found to be positively associated with lower levels of bullying victimization for White and Hispanic adolescents. African American, White, and Hispanic adolescents who perceived their fathers as easy to communicate with had a lower risk of bullying victimization. The child's perception of their father's awareness buffered the positive association between bullying victimization and psychosomatic symptoms for Hispanic adolescents. A higher child's perception of their father's awareness was related to lower bullying victimization for adolescents of both sexes. The child's perception of their father's awareness and their perceived ease of communication with their father were found to be associated with a decreased risk of psychosomatic symptoms for both sexes. Overall, the results support the importance of relationship quality with fathers as a protective factor against bullying victimization.
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