Towards on-device face recognition in body-worn cameras
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Almadan, A., & Rattani, A. (2021). Towards on-device face recognition in body-worn cameras. Paper presented at the Proceedings - 9th International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics, IWBF 2021, doi:10.1109/IWBF50991.2021.9465079
Face recognition technology related to recognizing identities is widely adopted in intelligence gathering, law enforcement, surveillance, and consumer applications. Recently, this technology has been ported to smartphones and body-worn cameras (BWC). Face recognition technology in body-worn cameras is used for surveillance, situational awareness, and keeping the officer safe. Only a handful of academic studies exist in face recognition using the body-worn camera. A recent study has assembled BWCFace facial image dataset acquired using a body-worn camera and evaluated the ResNet-50 model for face identification. However, for real-time inference in resource constraint body-worn cameras and privacy concerns involving facial images, on-device face recognition is required. To this end, this study evaluates lightweight MobileNet-V2, EfficientNet-BO, LightCNN-9 and LightCNN-29 models for face identification using body-worn camera. Experiments are performed on a publicly available BWCface dataset. The real-time inference is evaluated on three mobile devices. The comparative analysis is done with heavy-weight VGG-16 and ResNet-50 models along with six hand-crafted features to evaluate the trade-off between the performance and model size. Experimental results suggest the difference in maximum rank-l accuracy of lightweight LightCNN-29 over best-performing ResNet-50 is 1.85% and the reduction in model parameters is 23.49M. Most of the deep models obtained similar performances at rank-5 and rank-10. The inference time of LightCNNs is 2.1x faster than other models on mobile devices. The least performance difference of 14% is noted between LightCNN-29 and Local Phase Quantization (LPQ) descriptor at rank-l. In most of the experimental settings, lightweight LightCNN models offered the best trade-off between accuracy and the model size in comparison to most of the models.
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