Pairwise oblivious transfer
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Chou, R. A. (2021). Pairwise oblivious transfer. Paper presented at the 2020 IEEE Information Theory Workshop, ITW 2020, doi:10.1109/ITW46852.2021.9457601
We consider oblivious transfer between one client and two non-colluding servers that store independent contents. The client requests one file from each server such that (i) the servers do not learn the file selection of the client, and (ii) the client does not learn information about the non-selected files. We show under the honest-but-curious assumption that oblivious transfer with non-zero rates can be achieved with a multiuser protocol between the client and the servers. This contrasts with the case where the client engages in independent protocols with each of the two servers, for which it is known that oblivious transfer with information-theoretic security is impossible in the absence of additional resources. Furthermore, we derive a capacity result for the proposed setting.
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