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dc.contributor.authorMonreal, Christanie
dc.contributor.authorLuinstra, Lindsay
dc.contributor.authorLarkins, Lindsay
dc.contributor.authorMay, James
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-14T15:53:02Z
dc.date.available2021-06-14T15:53:02Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationMonreal, C., Luinstra, L., Larkins, L., & May, J. (2021). Validity and intrarater reliability using a smartphone clinometer application to measure active cervical range of motion including rotation measurements in supine. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 30(4), 680-684. doi:10.1123/JSR.2019-0422en_US
dc.identifier.issn1056-6716
dc.identifier.issn1543-3072
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2019-0422
dc.identifier.urihttps://soar.wichita.edu/handle/10057/21007
dc.descriptionOpen Accessen_US
dc.description.abstractContext: Technological advances have given smartphones the capabilities of sensitive clinical measurement equipment at lesser cost and higher availability. The Clinometer is a smartphone application that can be used to measure the joint range of motion in a clinical setting, but psychometric properties of the tool’s use measuring cervical range of motion (CROM) are not established. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the validity and intrarater reliability of the Clinometer application for the measurement of CROM (ie, flexion, extension, rotation, lateral flexion) and to determine the minimal detectable change and SEM. Design: A blinded, repeated-measures correlational design was employed. Setting: The study was conducted collaboratively between 2 athletic training clinics. Participants: A convenience sample of healthy adults ages 18–30 years were recruited. Participants with any history in the last 3 months of cervical or thoracic pathology, pain, or any musculoskeletal injury were excluded. Main Outcome Measures: Three repetitions of each motion were measured by a primary researcher with a goniometer. The same researcher then conducted 3 blinded measurements with the Clinometer application following the same procedure. A second researcher, blinded to the goniometer measurements, recorded the results. Thirty minutes later, testing was repeated with the application. The Pearson correlation was calculated to determine validity of the application compared with goniometry. Results: The measurements between devices had moderate to excellent concurrent validity, with the coefficients ranging between 0.544 and 0.888, P < .01. Test–retest reliability of the CROM measurement using the application was moderate to excellent, with intraclass correlation coefficients ranging between .774 and .928. Across all movements, the SEM ranged from 1.17° to 2.01°, and the minimal detectable change ranged from 1.18° to 2.02°. Conclusion: The Clinometer application is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring active CROM. Level of evidence: clinical measurement, level 1b.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherHuman Kineticsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Sport Rehabilitation;Vol. 30, Iss. 4
dc.subjectClinical measurementen_US
dc.subjectNecken_US
dc.subjectPsychometricsen_US
dc.subjectBody region(s)en_US
dc.subjectNeck/cervical spineen_US
dc.titleValidity and intrarater reliability using a smartphone clinometer application to measure active cervical range of motion including rotation measurements in supineen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2021 Human Kinetics, Incen_US


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