Which sex is which?
Johnson, Ariel. 2017. Which sex is which? -- Lambda Alpha Journal, v.47, p.59-66
Intersexuality is the condition of either having both male and female gonadal tissue in one individual or of having the gonads of one sex and external genitalia that is of the other sex or is ambiguous (Merriam-Webster 2017). It is estimated that there are more than 6 million intersexuals in the United States, and 120 million globally (Armato and Thompson 2012:44). However, many biomedical doctors in western society choose to establish either a female or male sex to those born with this genetic variation. This usually involves a "normalization" or "corrective" surgery that either reduces or removes certain parts of the reproductive system. Western society suggests this is the best decision for the child. However, there are a rising number of critics saying that it is taking away individual's right to choose or establish their gender later in life. There are feminist movements that suggest that this "normalization" procedure is a form of genital mutilation and that there are major ethics involved in practicing this "corrective" surgery, such as the ones performed today. In addition, research suggesting that medical intervention is either necessary or beneficial to those born with ambiguous genitalia is hard to find. Assigning a two-model sex to intersexed individuals has increased over the years, causing conversation about the controversy surrounding gender in the Western Society. Especially, when more research has been done on transgendered individuals and those of the third sex.