Bystander intervention and technology-facilitated sexual violence: A qualitative analysis of college students on Facebook
AdvisorDemers, Jennifer M.
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Munzinger-DeFrain, Ava; Johnston, Breanna. 2021. Bystander intervention and technology-facilitated sexual violence: A qualitative analysis of college students on Facebook -- In Proceedings: 20th Annual Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity Forum. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p. 25
Sexual violence is a prevalent issue in college populations, which extends to their online communities. Behaviors that use technology to enable sexual violence are referred to as technology-facilitated sexual violence, or TFSV. On social media platforms such as Facebook, students may come across posts, pictures, or comments from their peers that range from inappropriate to dangerous or even illegal. However, prevalence rates of viewing sexual violence-related content are unclear, as is the range of problematic content. Furthermore, while a substantial literature exists on in-person forms of sexual violence, less is known about bystander intervention to prevent TFSV when students encounter it on social media. This study aims to address this gap in the literature by examining the types of TFSV college students report encountering and what they may have done in response. The purpose of this study is to identify the attitudes of college students on TFSV, which can help identify problem areas in current campus sexual assault intervention efforts. In the current study, 579 students at a large public New England were shown several vignettes of examples of TFSV on Facebook as part of a larger study. Participants were then asked to consider instances where they witnessed something similar on social media. Participants were asked to describe the incident, provide reasons why they did or did not intervene, explain how they intervened if indicated, and describe the reaction they received to any intervention. Participants' responses were qualitatively analyzed using thematic analysis and several overarching themes were identified and discussed.
Second place winner of a poster presentation for Social Sciences at the 20th Annual Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity Forum (URCAF) held virtually, Wichita State University, April 9, 2021.