Vertical transmission of three common viruses
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Erb, R.; Ramirez, H.; Schmidtberger, A. 2021. Vertical transmission of three common viruses -- In Proceedings: 17th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University
There are a number of viruses that typically cause only mild illness if acquired by healthy individuals but cause significantly higher morbidity and mortality to pregnant patients and developing fetuses. Cytomegalovirus, parvovirus, and enterovirus are three common viruses capable of vertical transmission in the prenatal and perinatal windows. It is imperative for primary care providers to have knowledge of the potential risks of contracting these viruses during pregnancy and complications of subsequent vertical transmission to the fetus. This review paper discusses the basic pathophysiology of viral transmission, important signs and symptoms, appropriate diagnostic testing, treatment options, and preventative practices to decrease maternal infection and vertical transmission. Information was retrieved from the following electronic databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, and Cochrane library. The CDC and UpToDate were also used as sources. Using these references, this paper provides primary care providers with the information necessary for identifying and preventing viral illnesses in pregnancies. This knowledge can lead to earlier interventions, referral to appropriate specialists, and reduction in morbidity and mortality.
Presented to the 17th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held online, Wichita State University, April 2, 2021.
Research completed in the Department of Physician Assistant, College of Health Professions