A fundamental review on composite materials and some of their applications in biomedical engineering
Egbo, Munonyedi Kelvin
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Egbo, Munonyedi Kelvin. 2020. A fundamental review on composite materials and some of their applications in biomedical engineering. Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences, 2020
Composites or composite materials are engineered materials that consist of two or more constituent materials with wide discrepancies in their physical, chemical, and mechanical properties. The characteristic properties of these composite are as a result of the individual properties of their constituent parts and their respective volume fractions and arrangements in the material system. Depending on the intended application, composites can be designed to satisfy specific geometrical, structural, mechanical, chemical, and sometimes aesthetic requirements. Areas of application of these synthetic materials includes construction such as in buildings and bridges, automotive industry such as in car bodies, aeronautic, naval (e.g., ships and boats), and in the biomedical fields. Although metallic, polymeric and ceramic biomaterials have been in use for medical treatments such as tissue repairs and replacements for decades, composites are just coming to light. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to introduce composite materials and discuss their current and potential use in the biomedical field.
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