Sex and age interactions with the structured interview global Type A behavior pattern and hostility in the prediction of health behaviors
Dielman, T. E.
Leech, S. L.
Miller, M. V.
Moss, G. E.
MetadataShow full item record
Dielman, T. E., Leech, S. L., Miller, M. V., Moss, G. E. (1991). Sex and Age Interactions with the Structured Interview Global Type A Behavior Pattern and Hostility in the Prediction of Health Behaviors. Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, 10(1), 67-83.
A health-behavior survey and the Type A structured Interview (SI) were administered to a general-population sample of 903 adults. Self-reports of nine health behaviors were used as dependent variables. Multivariate analyses of variance followed by two series of three-way analyses of variance were conducted by age, sex, and SI-assessed global Type A (or hostility). There were main effects and/or two-way interactions for all of the dependent variables. Global Type A behavior and hostility were positively related to higher frequency-quantity of alcohol use, more frequently exceeding the speed limit, fewer hours of sleep, and less-frequent breakfast. Three-way interactions indicated that men under the age of 60 who were classified as Type Al reported a higher frequency-quantity of alcohol use than any other subgroup. The highest percentage of current cigarette smokers was among the high-hostility young men. Implications for behavior-change programs and research are discussed.