An examination of self-esteem in the context of general personality functioning
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Kawash, G., Clewes, J., Keating, L. (1989). An Examination of Self-Esteem in the Context of General Personality Functioning. Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, 9(1), 27-33.
The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI) and the Children's Personality Questionnaire (CPQ) or the High School Personality Questionnaire (HSPQ) were administered to 350 children and adolescents. An obliquely rotated factor analysis of the matrix of intercorrelations amoing SEI factors and CPQ/HSPQ factors allowed for an examination of self-esteem as a general vs. specific construct and for an enquiry into its relationship with other well established personality factors. The results suggested that a hierarchical model of self-esteem, with a general (global) factor at the second-order is a defensible position, and that self-esteem can be differentiated clearly from other personality factors while retaining significant correlations with some of them, most notably anxiety.