The relationship between psychosocial health and self-reported oral health among senior center participants in Wichita, Kansas
AdvisorParham, Douglas F.
MetadataShow full item record
Kanade, A. 2020. The relationship between psychosocial health and self-reported oral health among senior center participants in Wichita, Kansas -- In Proceedings: 16th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p.40
INTRODUCTION: According to a Kansas Department for Aging and Disability Services' (KDADS) report (2019), the behavioral health system is in crisis. Behavioral health problems include psychological distress. According to America's Mental Health Rankings (2019), the poor mental health days for women above 65+ years old in Kansas is greater (4.3) when compared to those of men (3.0). Related to behavioral and psychological health, oral health is an essential component of whole-person approach to health care. Oral health impacts mental health - particularly psychosocial well-being - in the older population. Does this relationship affect older women and men differently? PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess gender differences in psychosocial consequences of oral health at senior centers in Wichita, Kansas. METHODS: The Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) survey was conducted and used to compare outcomes for older women and men. RESULTS: Survey results showed higher negative impact of oral health on psychosocial health for women than for men. CONCLUSION: Poor oral health impacts nutrition, self-image, social interactions, mental and physical health, and health-related quality of life. It must include how different aspect of health intersect. By improving oral-health-related quality of life, the psychological well-being and mental health among older adults can be enhanced. These findings underscore the need for increased oral health support in older Kansans, especially women.
Presented to the 16th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held online, Wichita State University, May 1, 2020.
Research completed in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, College of Health Professions