Cognitive-behavioral dimensions of weight control
Steer, Robert A.
Jordan, Henry A.
Canavan, Arlene J.
MetadataShow full item record
Steer, R. A., Jordan, H. A., Canavan, A. J. (1985). Cognitive-behavioral dimensions of weight control. Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, 7(2), 53-60.
One hundred-eleven respondents who had achieved at least a 15 lb (6.80 kg) weight loss in a 20-week cognitive-behavioral treatment program for obesity were asked six to 10 years after treatment to describe their current cognitive and behavioral approaches for weight control. Eleven scales were constructed to measure the frequency with which the cognitive and behavioral efforts were extended for Weight Monitoring, Food Record Monitoring, Calorie Counting, Shopping, Food Storage and Preparation, Meal Times, Snack Times, Social Occasions, Taste and Satisfaction, Physical Activity, and Sports/Exercise. An iterated principal-factor analysis employing an oblique solution was performed on the 11 scales' intercorrelation matrix, and three dimensions of weight control were identified - Control, Activity, and Monitoring. The correlations among the factors, however, indicated that each factor explained at least 25% of the other two's variances, and the conclusion was drawn that the 11 scales were meaningfully related to each other. The employment of cognitive-behavioral techniques in one area of weight control was associated with use of such techniques in other areas too.