A multivariate analysis of male athlete personality characteristics: Sport type and success
Schurr, K. T.
Ashley, M. A.
Joy, K. L.
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Schurr, K. T., Ashley, M. A., Joy, K. L. (1977). A Multivariate Analysis of Male Athlete Personality Characteristics: Sport Type and Success. Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, 3(2), 53-68.
One thousand five hundred-ninety six college students completed the 16PF Questionnaire and were then categorized by (1) involvement in athletics, (2) type of sport, and (3) level of success. An unbalanced hierarchical multivariate analysis of variance using Cattell's eight second stratum factors was then performed. Results support the contention that moderator variables involving sport type are of primary importance in the development of theory involving sports-personality relationships.