Characteristics of female students who aspire to science and engineering or homemaking occupations
Mau, Wei-Cheng J.
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Mau, W.-C., Domnick, M., Ellsworth, R. A. (1995). Characteristics of female students who aspire to science and engineering or homemaking occupations. The Career Development Quarterly, 43(4), 323-337. doi:10.1002/j.2161-0045.1995.tb00437.x
This study identified predictors that discriminated between nontraditional and traditional career aspirations in a sample composed of 930 eighth?grade female students (52 Asian Americans, 123 Hispanics, 61 African Americans, 669 Whites, and 15 Native Americans). Results indicated that the students who aspired to careers in science or engineering scored significantly higher on educational aspirations; perceived parental expectations; student-reported grade point averages (GPAs); and mathematics, reading, and science test scores than did girls who aspired to homemaking occupations. They also scored higher on measures of self-esteem, internal locus of control, socioeconomic status, and had fewer siblings. Educational aspirations, parental expectations, self-reported GPA, and science proficiency were the best discriminators between the groups. Results also indicated that differences in the distributions of career aspirations across racial-ethnic groups were significant.
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