Recognition of commonly inherited cancer syndromes in primary care
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Simon, Madeline, Dinkel, Danielle, Parker, Ashley, Wentling, Chris. 2019. Recognition of commonly inherited cancer syndromes in primary care -- In Proceedings: 15th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University
Inherited cancer syndromes are caused by genetic mutations that place patients at an increased risk for developing cancer. Screening recommendations for specific inherited cancer syndromes have been created to identify those with a mutation. The most common syndromes include: hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, Li-fraumeni, Cowden, Lynch, familial adenomatous polyposis, retinoblastoma, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and type 2, and Von Hippel-Lindau. The goal of this research is to simplify previously published guidelines for these syndromes and combine them into one resource for use by primary care providers. Although the majority of cancer is not caused by genetic inheritance, it is important that providers have knowledge of the syndromes and can recognize their common characteristics. Early recognition is achieved through thorough questioning of patient's family history and identification of common clinical signs and symptoms. This review summarizes common symptoms of each cancer syndrome, giving providers a simplified resource to guide their clinical reasoning. Enhanced history and physical skills, combined with knowledge of current screening recommendations allows the primary care provider to take appropriate action.
Presented to the 15th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects (GRASP) held at the Rhatigan Student Center, Wichita State University, April 26, 2019.
Research completed in the Department of Physician Assistant, College of Health Professions