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dc.contributor.authorVanRavenhorst-Bell, Heidi A.
dc.contributor.authorMefferd, Antje S.
dc.contributor.authorCoufal, Kathy L.
dc.contributor.authorPatterson, Jeremy A.
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-29T07:17:54Z
dc.date.available2018-11-29T07:17:54Z
dc.date.issued2018-11-01
dc.identifier.citation"VanRavenhorst-Bell, H.A., Coufal, K.L., Patterson, J.A., Mefferd, A.S. A comparative study: tongue muscle performance in weightlifters and runners (2018) Physiological reports, 6 (22), p. e13923. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13920 "en_US
dc.identifier.issn2051-817X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10057/15673
dc.description© 2018 The Authors. Physiological Reports published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of The Physiological Society and the American Physiological Society. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_US
dc.description.abstractExercise mode (i.e., resistance training, endurance training) is known to yield mode-specific effects on strength and endurance of muscles that are directly targeted during the exercise. Such mode-specific effects can also be observed in indirectly involved (i.e., nontargeted) muscles. Mode-specific muscle performance changes of nontargeted muscles, however, have only been investigated within the skeletal system. Therefore, as a first step, this study aimed to determine if bulbar muscle performance (tongue strength [TS], tongue endurance [TE]) differs between weightlifters and runners and if group differences are tongue region-specific. The Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI) was used to measure TS and TE of the anterior and posterior tongue regions in 21 weightlifters and 23 runners. In weightlifters anterior TS was significantly greater than posterior TS (P = 0.008), whereas in runners anterior and posterior TS were comparable. Furthermore, weightlifters produced significantly greater anterior TS than runners (P = 0.001). Finally, TE was overall significantly greater in runners than in weightlifters (P = 0.001). Findings suggest that exercise mode may differentially impact performance patterns of nontargeted bulbar muscles. More research is warranted to better understand the mechanisms underlying tongue muscle performance differences between weightlifters and runners.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherWiley Open Accessen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPhysiological Reports; v.6 no.22
dc.subjectExercise modeen_US
dc.subjectTongue enduranceen_US
dc.subjectTongue strengthen_US
dc.titleA comparative study: tongue muscle performance in weightlifters and runnersen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.rights.holderOpen Accessen_US


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