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dc.contributor.authorClark, Charles B.
dc.contributor.authorSwails, Jeffrey A.
dc.contributor.authorAkao, Karen A.
dc.contributor.authorPontinen, Heidi M.
dc.contributor.authorCropsey, Karen L.
dc.identifier.citationClark, Charles B.; Swails, Jeffrey A.; Akao, Karen A.; Pontinen, Heidi M.; Cropsey, Karen L. 2018. Gaging the impact of multiple substance use on community corrections involvement. Addictive Behaviors, vol. 81:pp 55-59en_US
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractHistorically, research has demonstrated that multiple substance use, compared to single substance use, poses additional challenges for treatment throughout the continuum of care including referrals, interventions, and relapse prevention. However, it appears that this pattern cannot be easily generalized to all criminal justice settings as evidenced by mixed findings across criminal justice samples. The purpose of the current study is to investigate possible differences in legal and substance-related outcomes between multiple substance users and single substance users within a community corrections sample. Structured clinical interviews were conducted to divide 531 individuals under community corrections supervision into three groups including multiple substance users, single substance users, and non-substance users. Results indicated that while multiple substance users were arrested more frequently and had more problems with family members, there were no differences compared to their single substance using counterparts in terms of depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, or types of offense. These findings contrast with previous research on samples outside of community corrections suggesting that multiple substance use requires tailored interventions with consideration to context of their use. Discussion includes limitations to generalizability and assessment of substance use as well as implications for treatment and future research.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Cancer Institute; R01CA14166305; PI: Cropsey.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAddictive Behaviors;v.81
dc.subjectCriminal justiceen_US
dc.subjectCommunity correctionsen_US
dc.subjectDrug useen_US
dc.subjectDrug abuseen_US
dc.subjectSubstance dependenceen_US
dc.titleGaging the impact of multiple substance use on community corrections involvementen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US

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