Balance and coordination proficiency of age-matched male and female children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities
Pitetti, Kenneth H.
Miller, Ruth A.
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Ken Pitetti, Ruth Ann Miller, and E. Michael Loovis. Balance and Coordination Proficiency of Age-Matched Male and Female Children and Adolescents With Intellectual Disabilities. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 2018 35:2, 175-195
Male youth (8-18 years) with intellectual disability (ID) demonstrate motor proficiency below age-related competence capacities for typically developing youth. Whether below-criteria motor proficiency also exists for females with ID is not known. The purpose of this study was to determine if sex-specific differences exist in motor proficiency for youth with ID. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency was used to measure motor proficiency: six items for upper limb coordination, seven items for balance, and six items for bilateral coordination. One hundred and seventy-two (172) males and 85 females with ID but without Down syndrome were divided into five age groups for comparative purposes: 8-10, 11-12, 13-14, 15-16, and 17-21 years. Males scored sufficiently higher than females to suggest that sex data should not be combined to established Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency standards for upper limb coordination, balance, and bilateral coordination subtests.
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