Power that builds others and power that breaks: effects of power and humility on altruism and incivility in female employees
Yoon, David J.
Farmer, Steven M.
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David J. Yoon & Steven M. Farmer (2017) Power that Builds Others and Power that Breaks: Effects of Power and Humility on Altruism and Incivility in Female Employees, The Journal of Psychology, 152:1, 1-24
Building on the approach/inhibition theory of power and the situated focus theory of power, we examine the roles of positional and personal power on altruism and incivility in workplace dyads. Results from a field study in daycare centers showed that legitimate power (a dimension of positional power) was positively associated with incivility. In contrast, personal power-referent power and expert power-was positively associated altruism and was negatively associated with incivility. Referent power was a stronger predictor of both altruism and incivility for individuals with low humility than those with high humility. Coercive power was a stronger predictor of incivility for individuals with high humility than those with low humility.
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