Perceptions of community, social capital, and how they affect self-reported health: a multilevel analysis
Meissen, Gregory J.
Merkle, Edgar C.
MetadataShow full item record
Dziadkowiec, Oliwier; Meissen, Gregory J.; Merkle, Edgar C. 2017. Perceptions of community, social capital, and how they affect self-reported health: a multilevel analysis. Public Health, vol. 152:pp 9-16
Objectives: The link between social capital and self-reported health has been widely explored. On the other hand, we know less about the relationship between social capital, community socioeconomic characteristics, and non-social capitale-related individual differences, and about their impact on self-reported health in community settings. Methods: Cross-sectional study design with a proportional sample of 7965 individuals from 20 US communities were analyzed using multilevel linear regression models, where individuals were nested within communities. The response rates ranged from 13.5% to 25.4%. Results: Findings suggest that perceptions of the community and individual level socioeconomic characteristics were stronger predictors of self-reported health than were social capital or community socioeconomic characteristics. Conclusions: Policy initiatives aimed at increasing social capital should first assess community member's perceptions of their communities to uncover potential assets to help increase social capital.
Click on the DOI link to access the article (may not be free).