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dc.contributor.authorCropsey, Karen L.
dc.contributor.authorClark, Charles B.
dc.contributor.authorStevens, Erin N.
dc.contributor.authorSchiavon, Samantha
dc.contributor.authorLahti, Adrienne C.
dc.contributor.authorHendricks, Peter S.
dc.identifier.citationCropsey, Karen L.; Clark, Charles B.; Stevens, Erin N.; Schiavon, Samantha; Lahti, Adrienne C.; Hendricks, Peter S. 2017. Predictors of medication adherence and smoking cessation among smokers under community corrections supervision. Addictive Behaviors, vol. 65:pp 111–117en_US
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Individuals in the U.S. criminal justice system now represent over 12% of all current U.S. smokers. With smoking banned in most U.S. jails and prisons, the cessation focus for this population has shifted to individuals who are under community correction supervision (e.g., probation, parole). The aim of this study was to examine predictors of successful smoking cessation among criminal justice individuals supervised in the community. Methods: Five hundred participants under community corrections supervision were randomized to receive either four sessions of smoking cessation counseling or no counseling in conjunction with 12 weeks of bupropion treatment plus brief physician advice to quit. Logistic regression analyses examined associations of smoking variables with medication adherence and successful abstinence. Mediation analysis evaluated the indirect effects of medication-adherence on smoking abstinence. Results: The strongest associate of medication adherence was previous use of bupropion, while the strongest associate of smoking abstinence was medication adherence. Mediation analysis indicated that previous use of bupropion indirectly increased cessation rates through the pathway of increased medication adherence. Conclusions: These results highlight the importance of medication adherence for smoking cessation among community corrections smokers. Providing exposure to medication may be a promising intervention to increase medication adherence and subsequent cessation rates in this population.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Institutes of Health and National Cancer Institute (grant number R01-CA141663).en_US
dc.publisherElsevier B.V.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAddictive Behaviors;v.65
dc.subjectSmoking cessationen_US
dc.subjectMedication adherenceen_US
dc.subjectCriminal justiceen_US
dc.titlePredictors of medication adherence and smoking cessation among smokers under community corrections supervisionen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US

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