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dc.contributor.authorSnyder, James J.
dc.contributor.authorGewirtz, Abigail
dc.contributor.authorSchrepferman, Lynn M.
dc.contributor.authorGird, Suzanne R.
dc.contributor.authorQuattlebaum, Jamie
dc.contributor.authorPauldine, Michael R.
dc.contributor.authorElish, Katie
dc.contributor.authorZamir, Osnat
dc.contributor.authorHayes, Charles A.
dc.identifier.citationSnyder, J., Gewirtz, A., Schrepferman, L., Gird, S.R., Quattlebaum, J., Pauldine, M.R., Elish, K., Zamir, O. and Hayes, C. (2016) ‘Parent–child relationship quality and family transmission of parent posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and child externalizing and internalizing symptoms following fathers’ exposure to combat trauma’, Development and Psychopathology, 28(4pt1), pp. 947–969en_US
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractTransactional cascades among child internalizing and externalizing symptoms, and fathers' and mothers' posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were examined in a sample of families with a male parent who had been deployed to recent military conflicts in the Middle East. The role of parents' positive engagement and coercive interaction with their child, and family members' emotion regulation were tested as processes linking cascades of parent and child symptoms. A subsample of 183 families with deployed fathers and nondeployed mothers and their 4- to 13-year-old children who participated in a randomized control trial intervention (After Deployment: Adaptive Parenting Tools) were assessed at baseline prior to intervention, and at 12 and 24 months after baseline, using parent reports of their own and their child's symptoms. Parents' observed behavior during interaction with their children was coded using a multimethod approach at each assessment point. Reciprocal cascades among fathers' and mothers' PTSD symptoms, and child internalizing and externalizing symptoms, were observed. Fathers' and mothers' positive engagement during parent-child interaction linked their PTSD symptoms and their child's internalizing symptoms. Fathers' and mothers' coercive behavior toward their child linked their PTSD symptoms and their child's externalizing symptoms. Each family member's capacity for emotion regulation was associated with his or her adjustment problems at baseline. Implications for intervention, and for research using longitudinal models and a family-systems perspective of co-occurrence and cascades of symptoms across family members are described.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Institute for Drug Abuse Grants R01 DA030114 and R21 DA034166.en_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMechanisms of Comorbidity, Continuity, and Discontinuity in Psychopathology;v.28:no.4:pt.1
dc.subjectEmotion regulation difficultiesen_US
dc.subjectAustralian Vietnam veteransen_US
dc.subjectNational comorbidity surveyen_US
dc.subjectAction questionnaire-iien_US
dc.subjectExperiential avoidanceen_US
dc.subjectPsychometric propertiesen_US
dc.subjectNegative emotionalityen_US
dc.subjectResilience inventoryen_US
dc.subjectMilitary familiesen_US
dc.titleParent-child relationship quality and family transmission of parent posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and child externalizing and internalizing symptoms following fathers' exposure to combat traumaen_US
dc.rights.holder© Cambridge University Press 2016en_US

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