Excluding whom? An examination of race, gender, & suspension
Previous literature indicates a number of factors contribute to disparate rates of suspension among students. Among these are "student level factors" such as race, or socioeconomic level, and "school level factors" such as urbanicity or an administrator's perception of danger in a school. The Educational Longitudinal Study is utilized to examine how rates of suspension vary by race and gender and what influences those variations. Bivariate results are consistent with the literature showing that males and minorities are more likely to face suspension. Multivariate analysis suggests that even after controlling for various student and school level factors Black males and females are more likely to be given suspension than their White counterparts. Differences between Latino and White students were explained after controlling for student and school factors in the model. This study adds to the literature suggesting race and gender are the biggest contributors to rates of suspension, while also noting other variables that seem to have an effect such as attachment to school, or region of the country.
Thesis (M.A.)--Wichita State University, Fairmount College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Dept. of Sociology