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dc.contributor.authorBertapelli, Fabio
dc.contributor.authorPitetti, Kenneth H.
dc.contributor.authorAgiovlasitis, Stamatis
dc.contributor.authorGuerra-Junior, Gil
dc.identifier.citationBertapelli, Fabio; Pitetti, Kenneth H.; Agiovlasitis, Stamatis; Guerra-Junior, Gil. 2016. Overweight and obesity in children and adolescents with Down syndrome-prevalence, determinants, consequences, and interventions: A literature review. Research in Developmental Disabilities, vol. 57, October 2016:pp 181–192en_US
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are more likely to be overweight or obese than the general population of youth without DS. Aims: To review the prevalence of overweight and obesity and their determinants in youth with DS. The health consequences and the effectiveness of interventions were also examined. Methods and procedures: A search using MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, and COCHRANE was conducted. From a total of 4280 studies, we included 45 original research articles published between 1988 and 2015. Outcomes and results: The combined prevalence of overweight and obesity varied between studies from 23% to 70%. Youth with DS had higher rates of overweight and obesity than youths without DS. Likely determinants of obesity included increased leptin, decreased resting energy expenditure, comorbidities, unfavorable diet, and low physical activity levels. Obesity was positively associated with obstructive sleep apnea, dyslipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, and gait disorder. Interventions for obesity prevention and control were primarily based on exercise-based programs, and were insufficient to achieve weight or fat loss. Conclusions and implications: Population-based research is needed to identify risk factors and support multi-factorial strategies for reducing overweight and obesity in children and adolescents with DS.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipCAPES foundation (BEX 3546/15-2), Ministry of Education of Brazil.en_US
dc.publisherElsevier Ltd.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesResearch in Developmental Disabilities;v.57
dc.subjectDown syndromeen_US
dc.titleOverweight and obesity in children and adolescents with Down syndrome-prevalence, determinants, consequences, and interventions: A literature reviewen_US
dc.typeConference paperen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US

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