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dc.contributor.authorTay, Yi Yang
dc.contributor.authorMoradi, Rasoul
dc.contributor.authorLankarani, Hamid M.
dc.identifier.citationTay, Yi Yang; Moradi, Rasoul; Lankarani, Hamid M. 2015. A response surface methodology in predicting injuries to out-of-position occupants from frontal airbags. ASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, vol. 12: Transportation Systems Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14–20, 2014en_US
dc.descriptionClick on the URL to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractOut-of-position (OOP) occupants, especially smaller females and children, are quite vulnerable to injuries caused by deploying airbags. This study is aimed at investigating the effects of various design parameters of a frontal airbag on OOP occupants' resulting injury levels. The study also investigates the predictive capability of the occupant's injury potential using a regression model developed from the response surface methodology. For this, the OOP occupant is represented using a MADYMO 3-year old child dummy. The objective measurements identified as the main injury causation parameters include the fabric permeability, friction coefficient between the occupant and the airbag, and the occupant's initial position. Due to the complexity of the airbag model, small iterations are performed until the numerical model is found to be in reasonable agreement with another study available in the literature. The first part of the work is focused on analyzing the effect of a single parameter on the injury responses of the 3 year old child. The second part of the work covers the development of a set of regression model to predict the combined effects of various parameters on the injury responses of the occupant. It is shown that the regression model is fairly accurate and sufficient in predicting various injury levels to OOP occupants from a deploying airbag.en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineersen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesASME 2014 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition;v.12
dc.subjectOut-of-position occupantsen_US
dc.subjectFrontal-impact airbagsen_US
dc.subjectInjury biomechanicsen_US
dc.subjectMulti-body dynamicsen_US
dc.subjectResponse surface methodologyen_US
dc.titleA response surface methodology in predicting injuries to out-of-position occupants from frontal airbagsen_US
dc.typeConference paperen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2014 by ASMEen_US

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