Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorWood, Joanne M.
dc.contributor.authorAtchison, David A.
dc.contributor.authorChaparro, Alex
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-10T20:37:56Z
dc.date.available2016-02-10T20:37:56Z
dc.date.issued2005-11
dc.identifier.citationWood, J.M., Atchison, D.A., & Chaparro, A. (2005). When red lights look yellow. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 46(11), 4348-4352. doi: 10.1167/iovs.04-1513
dc.identifier.issn0146-0404
dc.identifier.otherdoi: 10.1167/iovs.04-1513
dc.identifier.otherWOS:000232807400055
dc.identifier.urihttp://doi.org/cczqdw
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10057/11745
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link below to access the article (may not be free).
dc.description.abstractPURPOSE. Red signals are typically used to signify danger. This study was conducted to investigate a situation identified by train drivers in which red signals appear yellow when viewed at long distances ( similar to 900 m) through progressive-addition lenses.METHODS. A laboratory study was conducted to investigate the effects of defocus, target size, ambient illumination, and surround characteristics on the extent of the color misperception of train signals by nine visually normal participants. The data from the laboratory study were validated in a field study by measuring the amounts of defocus and the distances at which the misperception of the color of train signals was apparent and whether these distances varied as a function of time of day.RESULTS. The laboratory study demonstrated that small red targets ( similar to 1 min arc) can appear yellow when viewed through small amounts of defocus ( similar to +0.75 D) under bright illumination ( 1910 cd/m(2)). In the field study, the defocus needed to produce the color misperception was similar to that found in the laboratory study. Time of day affected the color misperception, and there was no misperception at night.CONCLUSIONS. The color misperception is not solely associated with progressive-addition lenses, but occurs in the presence of small amounts of positive defocus. The potential for the misperception to result in collisions and fatalities presents a major safety concern.
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherARVO
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
dc.relation.ispartofseries46(11)
dc.titleWhen red lights look yellow
dc.typeArticle
dc.rights.holderARVO


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record