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dc.contributor.authorMumford, Petey W.
dc.contributor.authorTribby, Aaron C.
dc.contributor.authorPoole, Christopher N.
dc.contributor.authorDalbo, Vincent J.
dc.contributor.authorScanlan, Aaron T.
dc.contributor.authorMoon, Jordan R.
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Michael D.
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Kaelin C.
dc.identifier.citationMumford, Petey W.; Tribby, Aaron C.; Poole, Christopher N.; Dalbo, Vincent J.; Scanlan, Aaron T.; Moon, Jordan R.; Roberts, Michael D.; Young, Kaelin C. 2016. Effect of caffeine on golf performance and fatigue during a competitive tournament. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: January 2016 - vol. 48:no. 1:pp 132–138en_US
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractPurpose This study aimed to determine the effect of a caffeine-containing supplement on golf-specific performance and fatigue during a 36-hole competitive golf tournament. Methods Twelve male golfers (34.8 13.9 yr, 175.9 9.3 cm, 81.23 +/- 13.14 kg) with a United States Golf Association handicap of 3-10 participated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design in which they played an 18-hole round of golf on two consecutive days (36-hole tournament) and were randomly assigned to consume a caffeine-containing supplement (CAF) or placebo (PLA). CAF/PLA was consumed before and after nine holes during each 18-hole round. Total score, drive distance, fairways and greens in regulation, first putt distance, HR, breathing rate, peak trunk acceleration, and trunk posture while putting were recorded. Self-perceived ratings of energy, fatigue, alertness and concentration were also recorded. Results Total score (76.9 +/- 8.1 vs 79.4 +/- 9.1, P = 0.039), greens in regulation (8.6 +/- 3.3 vs 6.9 +/- 4.6, P = 0.035), and drive distance (239.9 +/- 33.8 vs 233.2 +/- 32.4, P = 0.047) were statistically better during the CAF condition compared with those during PLA. Statistically significant main effects for condition (P < 0.05) and time (P < 0.001) occurred for perceived feelings of energy and fatigue. Compared with PLA, CAF reported more energy (P = 0.025) and less fatigue (P = 0.05) over the competitive round of golf. There were no substantial differences in HR or breathing rates, peak trunk acceleration, or putting posture between conditions or over the round (P > 0.05). Conclusions: A moderate dose ( 1.9 +/- 0.3 mg center dot kg (-1)) of caffeine consumed before and during a round of golf improves golf-specific measures of performance and reduces fatigue in skilled golfers.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe funding and product support for the study were provided by MusclePharm, Inc.en_US
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkinsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise;v.48:no.1
dc.titleEffect of caffeine on golf performance and fatigue during a competitive tournamenten_US
dc.rights.holder© 2016 American College of Sports Medicineen_US

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