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dc.contributor.authorAkyildiz, Ian F.
dc.contributor.authorWang, Pu
dc.contributor.authorSun, Zhi
dc.identifier.citationAkyildiz, I.F.; Pu Wang; Zhi Sun, "Realizing underwater communication through magnetic induction," in Communications Magazine, IEEE , vol.53, no.11, pp.42-48, November 2015 doi: 10.1109/MCOM.2015.7321970en_US
dc.descriptionClick on the DOI link to access the article (may not be free).en_US
dc.description.abstractThe majority of the work on underwater communication has mainly been based on acoustic communication. Acoustic communication faces many known problems, such as high propagation delays, very low data rates, and highly environment-dependent channel behavior. In this article, to address these shortcomings, magnetic induction is introduced as a possible communication paradigm for underwater applications. Accordingly, all research challenges in this regard are explained. Fundamentally different from the conventional underwater communication paradigm, which relies on EM, acoustic, or optical waves, the underwater MI communications rely on the time varying magnetic field to covey information between the transmitting and receiving parties. MI-based underwater communications exhibit several unique and promising features such as negligible signal propagation delay, predictable and constant channel behavior, sufficiently long communication range with high bandwidth, as well as silent and stealth underwater operations. To fully utilize the promising features of underwater MI-based communications, this article introduces the fundamentals of underwater MI communications, including the MI channel models, MI networking protocols design, and MI-based underwater localization.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipUS National Science Foundation (NSF) under Grant No. CNS-1446557 and CNS-1446484.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCommunications Magazine, IEEE;v.53:no.11
dc.subjectElectromagnetic inductionen_US
dc.subjectElectromagnetic wave propagationen_US
dc.subjectMagnetic fieldsen_US
dc.subjectUnderwater acoustic communicationen_US
dc.subjectEM wavesen_US
dc.subjectMI networking protocols designen_US
dc.subjectMI-based underwater localizationen_US
dc.subjectAcoustic communicationen_US
dc.subjectAcoustic wavesen_US
dc.subjectEnvironment-dependent channelen_US
dc.subjectLow data ratesen_US
dc.subjectMagnetic inductionen_US
dc.subjectOptical wavestionen_US
dc.subjectPropagation delaysen_US
dc.subjectSignal propagation delayen_US
dc.subjectTime varying magnetic fielden_US
dc.subjectUnderwater MI communicationsen_US
dc.subjectUnderwater communicationen_US
dc.subjectChannel modelsen_US
dc.subjectMobile robotsen_US
dc.subjectReceiving antennasen_US
dc.subjectUnderwater acousticsen_US
dc.subjectUnderwater communicationen_US
dc.titleRealizing underwater communication through magnetic inductionen_US
dc.rights.holder© Copyright 2015 IEEE - All rights reserved.en_US

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