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Muscle activation during push-ups with different suspension training systems
Colado, Juan C.
Martin F, Fernando
Rogers, Michael E.
Behm, David G.
Andersen, Lars L.
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Calatayud, Joaquin; Borreani, Sebastien; Carlos Colado, Juan; Martin F, Fernando; Rogers, Michael E.; Behm, David G.; Andersen, Lars L. 2014. Muscle activation during push-ups with different suspension training systems. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, vol. 13:no. 3:pp 502-510
The purpose of this study was to analyze upper extremity and core muscle activation when performing push-ups with different suspension devices. Young fit male university students (n = 29) performed 3 push-ups each with 4 different suspension systems. Push-up speed was controlled using a metronome and testing order was randomized. Average amplitude of the electromyographic root mean square of Triceps Brachii, Upper Trapezius, Anterior Deltoid, Clavicular Pectoralis, Rectus Abdominis, Rectus Femoris, and Lumbar Erector Spinae was recorded. Electromyographic signals were normalized to the maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC). Electromyographic data were analyzed with repeated-measures analysis of variance with a Bonferroni post hoc. Based upon global arithmetic mean of all muscles analyzed, the suspended push-up with a pulley system provided the greatest activity (37.76% of MVIC; p < 0.001). Individually, the suspended push-up with a pulley system also provided the greatest triceps brachii, upper trapezius, rectus femoris and erector lumbar spinae muscle activation. In contrast, more stable conditions seem more appropriate for pectoralis major and anterior deltoid muscles. Independent of the type of design, all suspension systems were especially effective training tools for reaching high levels of rectus abdominis activation.
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