Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, v.4 no.4

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    Book review: "Rehabilitation counseling research" by Brian Bolton, 1979
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1979) Blomgren. E. R.
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    A factorial approach to the study of latent schizophrenia
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1979) Meyer, Lennart
    This paper demonstrates a system for studying a clinical domain by means of a form of factor analysis which has been based on the use of the G index agreement. Using empirical data, the method was applied to the test responses of a group of normal and latent schizophrenic persons. Three factors were obtained - one factor representing normal persons and the other two representing latent schizophrenics. A validation was carried out, using a second sample of normal and latent schizophrenic persons. In addition, responses of schizophrenic and neurotic persons, from a second sample, were compared with the responses of the persons in the first sample.
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    The development of a validity scale for the clinical analysis questionnaire
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1979) Krug, Samuel E.
    Following the procedures similar to those used by the MMPI authors in the development of the F (validity) scale, a self-contained validity index was developed from the item pool of the Clinical Analysis Questionnaire (CAQ). Ten (10) items were found to have very infrequently endorsed alternatives in a derivation sample of 300 normal college students. These were checked in an independent sample of 200 college students and in a sample of 200 clinically diagnosed adults, all of whom were tested as part of the test's standardization. The resulting scale effectively differentiated acceptable from randomly generated profiles with a satisfactorily high level of validity (.61) and classification accuracy (83%), yet did not differentiate normal from clinical profiles, as is frequently the case with F. Because of its brevity and convenience, it is likely to become an important element of the CAQ profile and provide the examiner with valuable evidence on test-taking attitude.
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    Pro- and anti-social behavior as a function of cost estimates and personality and situational variables
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1979) Penner, L. A.; Michael, D. E.; Brookmire, D. A.
    It was hypothesized that people who indicated that they would act anti-socially would make significantly lower estimates of the costs associated with their behavior than people who indicated they would act pro-socially. The study also investigated the effects of selected personality and situational variables on the cost estimates. It was hypothesized that the characteristics of the victim of the anti-social act, Sociopathy, Locus of Control, and the importance assigned certain values would influence subjects' estimates of the costs associated with their behavior. Questionnaires which measured Sociopathy, Locus of Control orientation, and the value importance were given to 107 undergraduates twice. Two weeks after the second administration, subjects indicated if they would return or take money that had been lost by an individual, an institution, or unidentified owner; in addition they made estimates of the costs associated with their actions. The hypothesis regarding cost estimates and anti-social actions was confirmed. Also, it was found that owner characteristics, Sociopathy, and Locus of Control were significantly related to the cost estimates. The viability of reward/cost model of pro-anti-social behavior and the influence of personality and situational variables on the costs specified by the model were discussed.