Proceedings 2018: 14th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects

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Editorial Board for 2018 GRASP Symposium


Kerry Wilks, Associate Professor & Associate Dean of the Graduate School

Heidi VanRavenhorst-Bell, Assistant Professor & Undergraduate Coordinator, Human Performance Studies


Rajiv Bagai, , Associate Professor, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science

George Dehner, Associate Professor, History

Anthony DiLollo, Associate Professor, Communication Sciences and Disorders

Deepak Gupta, Associate Professor, Industrial, Systems, and Manufacturing Engineering

Susan Matveyeva, Associate Professor, Catalog & Institutional Repository Librarian, University Libraries

Anthony May , Assistant Professor, Finance Real Estate & Decision Science

Peer Moore-Jansen, Professor & Chair, Anthropology

Aleks Sternfeld-Dunn, Associate Professor, School of Music

Sponsors of 2018 GRASP Symposium

Graduate School

Academic Affairs

University Libraries


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 55
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    14th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects
    (Wichita State University. Graduate School., 2018-04-27) Wilks, Kerry; VanRavenhorst-Bell, Heidi A.
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    Concurrent validity of heart rate measures using a wrist worn activity tracker during treadmill walking
    (Wichita State University, 2018-04-27) Shargawi, Anas A.; Hafez, Khaled A.; VanRavenhorst-Bell, Heidi A.; Amick, Ryan Zackary
    Introduction: Wearable technology devices are becoming increasingly popular. Many of these devices offer features allowing users to monitor health related biometric information. One biometric variable commonly measured is heart rate (HR). However, different types of wearable devices may use different technologies to measure HR. Therefore, it is important for end-users to be informed and understand if these devices report accurate information. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the concurrent validity of HR measures using the IP65 activity monitor compared to a validated HR monitor. Method: Eighteen subjects (25.2±3.8 years) volunteered to participate in this study. After collecting subject anthropometric data (height, weight), each subject was fitted with a validated HR monitor (Polar T31) and the IP65 activity monitor. Subjects then completed a 5-minute warm-up on the treadmill, walking at a self-selected pace. For the testing protocol, subjects were instructed to walk on the treadmill at a self-selected moderate pace for 5-minutes. HR data from both devices were sampled at 12Hz during the final 3-minutes of the protocol. Results: Mean HR recorded from the IP65 activity monitor and Polar T31 was 97.6±11.92 and 105.3±9.16, respectively. Pearson correlation coefficient indicates that there was no statistically significant correlation between the IP65 activity monitor and the validated Polar T31 HR Monitor (p = 0.279), r = -0.05. Conclusion: The IP65 activity tracker does not demonstrate concurrent validity when compared to a validated HR monitor. Such findings warrant continued investigation of each biometric variable provided by the IP65 and other wearable devices.
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    Health literacy and medication adherence: a quality improvement project for heart failure patients
    (Wichita State University, 2018-04-27) Prebbl, Ryan; Steinke, Elaine E.; Rodgers, Jennifer
    INTRODUCTION: Low health literacy results in worse outcomes and underutilization of preventative health care. In the United States 5,800,000 people have been diagnosed with heart failure (HF), with $20.9 billion spent in 2012, and 80% on hospitalizations. Studies show that low health literacy in HF resulted in a 34% greater risk of death, and addressing health literacy as important. PURPOSE: The purpose of the project was to identify HF patients with low health literacy, and to evaluate the effectiveness of printed educational materials and a short educational session tailored to the patient's specific medication regimen to increase medication knowledge. METHODS: A descriptive, pre- post-test design was used with HF patients referred to a Transitional Care Clinic. At baseline, health literacy and HF knowledge were assessed, followed by tailored HF medication education, using teach-back to clarify misunderstandings and reinforce education, and printed materials. Those with low health literacy received a pictorial pill card. A 2-week, post-intervention follow-up evaluated medication adherence and HF knowledge. RESULTS: Two of 17 participants had low health literacy. Knowledge significantly improved post-intervention, although it was unclear if education affected medication adherence. Significant barriers to medication adherence were: remembering to take medications (n=5), forgetting medications when traveling (n=2), inconvenience (n=3), and cut back/stopped due to feeling worse (n=1). CONCLUSION: Face-to-face education and teach back increased knowledge, although the impact on adherence was unclear. Literacy assessment, face-to-face education with teach-back, and interventions to decrease barriers to medication taking are clearly important for nurses to address with HF patients.
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    Influencing organizational policy to address gender and sexual minority health disparities and inclusivity within the healthcare delivery system
    (Wichita State University, 2018-04-27) Ojeda-Leitner, Deborah; Lewis, Rhonda K.
    PURPOSE: According to the Health Equity Index (Human Rights, 2016), only 3 hospitals in Kansas were determined as leaders for health care equity. All 3 facilities are in the north area of Kansas, closer to Kansas City and therefore inaccessible for many gender and sexual minorities residing in Wichita, KS. The recent index has motivated the LGBT Health Coalition to ensure that other facilities are determined as healthcare equality leaders; however, it has been difficult to create broader positive changes that ensure safe spaces for LGBT patients. METHODS: In a collaborative effort with the Wichita LGBT Health Coalition, Human Rights Campaign, George Washington University, and Wichita State University, the study consisted of interviews with medical students and physician assistant (n=8) and medical administrators (n= 9) to identify what barriers exist for healthcare facilities in the Wichita area to become health equality leaders. In addition, interviews will be conducted with sexual minority women and gender minorities (n= 13) to gain insight into their experiences in healthcare within Wichita. The study used an inerative analysis; The research team will alternate between finding emerging themes of the data similarly to grounded theory (Glaser & Strauss, 1967), but in addition, using the etic of existing theories (Srivastava & Hopwood, 2009). In this case, the minority stress model (Meyer, 1995) and the ecological model (Eliason, & Fogel, 2015) and the cultural competence model (Betancourt, Green, & Carrillo, 2002). RESULTS: Findings include lack of healthcare access that caters to gender and sexual minorities, how the gender and sexual minority community disseminates resources and advice related to health, and a lack of LGBT health related support for medical administrators and health professional students. CONCLUSION: Although there have been strong efforts in creating a safety net for gender and sexual minorities, there is room for improvement, especially when the community distrusts religious based healthcare services. In addition, medical administrators want to do more for this population but has not found support or data to justify investing in improved inclusive-related policies and practices. Recommendations for policies and initiatives for the City of Wichita will also be discussed.
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    The effects of gluteal squeezes compared to bilateral bridges on hip strength, power, and endurance
    (Wichita State University, 2018-04-27) Stapleton, Aaron; Turley, Jessica; Waits, Kyle; Zirkle, John; Lehecka, B.J.
    BACKGROUND: Hip extension weakness is correlated with low back, hip, and knee pathology. Bilateral gluteal bridges are common clinical exercises used to increase hip extension strength. There is little research regarding the effect of isometric gluteal squeezes, a more convenient hip exercise, on strength and functional outcomes. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of gluteal squeezes on hip extension strength, gluteal girth, vertical jump, broad jump, and single-leg bridge endurance compared to bilateral gluteal bridging. METHODS: Thirty-two healthy university students aged 18-35 years were randomly assigned to either gluteal squeezes or bilateral bridges. Subjects were tested at baseline and after eight weeks of training. Participants' hip extension strength, gluteal girth, vertical jump, broad jump, and single-leg bridge endurance were tested. RESULTS: No statistical significance differences were found between the bridge and squeeze groups after eight weeks of training. Both groups significantly improved hip extension strength (p<0.05) and approached statistical significance for the endurance task. The squeeze group significantly increased gluteal girth at the level of the greater trochanter (p<0.05). No change occurred for either jump task in either group. CONCLUSION: Gluteal squeezes proved to be as effective as bilateral bridges for the increasing hip extension strength. Gluteal squeezes significantly increased girth at the level of the greater trochanter. While not statistically significant, both groups improved single-leg bridge endurance. These results provide clinicians with reason to prescribe gluteal squeezes to increase hip extension strength instead of the less convenient bilateral bridge exercise.