Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, v.6 no.3

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    Belief in a difficult world: The psychological adjustment component of internal-external locus of control
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1983) Fleming, James S.; Courtney, Barbara E.
    Factor analytic studies of Rotter's I-E Scale suggest that locus of control is multidimensional, though little has been done to advance theory by making specialized predictions based on the separate dimensions. Lefcourt noted a paradox in the observation that externals are statistically higher in anxiety and other psychopathological indicators, given their perceived inability to change their negative circumstances. It was hypothesized that this paradox could be resolved by examining the relationships of the locus of control factors to measures of psychological adjustment. More particularly, it was predicted that Belief in a Difficult World--a factor identified by Collins-- would bear a significant relationship to the adjustment measures since this factor appeared to reflect a sense of alienation of fatalism. Collins' Difficult World factor and other factors were clearly identified in the present study. Adjustment measures included anxiety, depression, anomia, and self-esteem. As predicted, Belief in a Difficult World was substantially correlated with these measures, as was total score, whereas correlations of the other factors ranged from near zero to moderate in magnitude.
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    Relationships between two 16PF interpretive systems
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1983) Burger, Gary K.; Kabacoff, Robert I.
    The interrelationships between a "rational" (Krug, 1981) and an "empirical" (Burger & Kabacoff, 1982) 16PF interpretive system were explored using a variety of procedures. A method for representing the rational types in the space of the empirical system was presented, and ways in which the two systems could be used in tandem were discussed. A number of graphical procedures, including the use of star glyphs, were suggested in order to facilitate profile interpretation.
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    Higher-order factor structure of Cattell's MAT and 8SQ
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1983) Boyle, Gregory J.
    Previous research has failed to delineate adequately the higher-order factor structure of the Eight State Questionnaire (8SQ), and of the Motivation Analysis Test (MAT). Kline (1979, p.185) concluded that, "... there is considerable need for further investigaion... utilizing factorial procedures in accord with the technical demands which are listed... so that one can have confidence in the attainment of simple structure and the consequent psychological import of the results." In response to Kline's suggestion, the present study indicated two third-order 8SQ factors, and nine second-order MAT factors, on an Australian sample of 258 college students. Use of Cattell's Rotoplot program was shown to be a valid and useful analytic procedure. Findings are discussed and tentative labels are assigned to each higher-order factor.
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    Book review: "A Social Learning Approach: Volume 3 Coercive Family Process" by Gerald R. Patterson, 1982
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1983) Snyder, James J.