Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, v.10 no.2

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    Special review: Evaluation of the exploratory factor analysis programs provided in SPSSX and SPSS/PC+
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1993) Boyle, Gregory J.
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    Positive assortment on personality in older couples
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1993) Delaney, Mary E.; Nesselroade, John R.
    Marital dyads have manifested similar personality traits on the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF). To extend these findings to older adults, the 16PF was administered to 43 elderly couples, and husband-and-wife scores were intercorrelated. Cross-validating earlier findings, significant positive interspouse correlations were found for several traits. Change in the degree of spousal similarity over length of marriage was examined in two ways. First, the relationship between age of the elderly couples (used as proxy for length of marriage) and the magnitude of the interspouse correlation was examined. Age was found to have no impact on similarity. Second, a meta-analysis of the other 16PF studies showed significant age differences in similarity for the dimension Happy-go-lucky vs. Sober. Substantive implications for the observed similarity between spouses are discussed.
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    A preliminary comparison of selected PRF and DPQ scales
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1993) Loucks, Sandra; Glass, Scott; Burstein, Alvin G. (Alvin George), 1931-
    Seven pairs of personality scales were selected from Tellegen's differential Personality Questionnaire (DPQ) and Jackson's Personality Research Form (PRF) on the basis of similar or opposite scale definitions. It was hypothesized that the conceptual relationships that are seen in the scale definitions would be reflected in strong correlations between the selected scale pairs. The items which compose each pair of scales were examined to determine the degree of item similarity. Pearson correlations between the scale pairs showed strong and significant relationships in the directions predicted from scale definitions. These findings were presented in the form of an abbreviated Campbell-Fiske matrix and discussed in relation both to the degree of item similarity in the scale pairs and to convergent and divergent validity issues. An intercorrelation matrix of all DPQ and PRF scales was also presented.
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    Discriminating between rejectors, premature terminators, short-term successes, and long-term continuers using 16 PF scores
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1993) Williams, Katharine B.; Wallbrown, Fred H.
    A multiple discriminant function analysis was performed to determine what, if any, personality differences can be identified for clients who refuse counseling, terminate prematurely, attain their goals in short-term counseling, or continue for long-term counseling. The 16 PF was administered to 282 adult clients in a community mental health center and used to predict their response to counseling. Two significant canonical discriminant functions were obtained. A hit rate of 51% was obtained which is considerably better than the 33% rate than would be expected on the basis of random assignment.