Multivariate Experimental Clinical Research, v.6 no.1

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    Sex-roles and dyadic uniqueness in parent-child personality trait relationships
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1982) Cattell, Heather Birkett
    Parent-child personality trait intercorrelations were examined in 127 intact, middle-class, Caucasian families (393 children: 162 females and 231 males between ages 6 and 22), using the age-appropriate test in the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire series. The main parent/child linkages differed for each parent-child dyad: daughters' unconflicted, introverted dependency was linked with mothers' unconflicted, emotionally sensitive dependency; daughters' sensitive, unconflicted dependency was linked with fathers' inhibited dependency; sons' dependent, introverted neuroticism was linked with insecure, sensitive, emotional neuroticism in mothers; sons' inhibited, resentful, insecure neuroticism was linked with dependent, introverted neuroticism in fathers. These patterns indicate that family relationships revolved around neuroticism versus mental health for boys and sex-role traits of dependence, emotionality, and introversion for girls. For adolescent sons (over 13 years), sex-role traits of aggressiveness, tough-mindedness, and emotional insensitivity replaced low neuroticism in important linkages with both parents. Eldest daughters showed unusually strong and unique linkages with fathers, emphasizing father-daughter similarity on central character traits such as ego and superego strength, tension level, and strength of self-image.
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    Regression over regression: Or fixations about regression analysis
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1982) Peek, Leon A.; Lawlis, G. Frank
    Some of the problems in dealing with regression analysis are described from the psychostatistics analytical viewpoint. A case study and a brief history antecede the covering of these fixations of regression: stepwise is unreliable; with enough independent variables, R2 becomes 1; if R2 is less than .5, then it is too small to discuss; but you had a control group; but you did not have a control group; a regression analysis is not as sophisticated as ANOVA. The conclusion is made that sometimes the treatment of choice for these problems is to become a psychostatisical analysand of one trained in multivariate analysis.
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    Personality profile comparison between cancer patients and other disease groups
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1982) Butler, Joel; Lawlis, G. Frank; Regelson, William; Bristow, Opal V.
    This research was designed to measure personality dimensions of cancer patients on an objective instrument, and to make comparisons both within the sample as well as to other disease groups. The Cattell Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16 PF) was administered to 51 cancer patients. Four factors showed a pattern of difference: Lower ego strength, Stronger super ego strength, Protension, and Guilt Proneness. When grouped by sex, race, and primary site of lesion, analyses revealed significantly similar personality factor profiles. While different from the norm, only the breast cancer group was clearly differentiated by site of the lesion (Lower ego strength for the females. When compared on the 16 PF to other disease samples, there were close similarities between the profile of the cancer group and the mean profile of epileptics and TB patients, but differed from heat and psychosomatic diagnosed patients.
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    On the multidimensional structure of personality: An improved definition
    (Wichita State University, Department of Psychology, 1982) Zak, Itai
    A mapping sentence is provided for defining the universe of observations of personality. Data on the 16PF questionnaire, derived from American and Israeli student samples on data on a combined administration of the 16PF, EPQand MMPI were analyzed through the SSA. The findings showed the structure of the interrelationships among the SSA. The findings showed the structure of the interrelationships among the primary personality factors to be that of a radex, in the SSA space of two dimensions. Area of life--corresponding to most of the second-order personality factors of the 16PF plus two pathological secondaries played the role of polarizing facet. The same circular order was repeated in all samples. The modulating facet in the radex suggested a new dimension in the personality space, a dimension of strength or primacy of traits. A cylindrical configuration with repeated radexes is proposed to account for other modalities of observational techniques.