CCSR Faculty Scholarship

Permanent URI for this collection


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 6
  • Item
    Self-report measures of procrastination exhibit inconsistent concurrent validity, predictive validity, and psychometric properties
    (Frontiers Media S.A., 2022-02-24) Vangsness, Lisa; Voss, Nathaniel M.; Maddox, Noelle; Devereaux, Victoria; Martin, Emma
    Procrastination is a chronic and widespread problem; however, emerging work raises questions regarding the strength of the relationship between self-reported procrastination and behavioral measures of task engagement. This study assessed the internal reliability, concurrent validity, predictive validity, and psychometric properties of 10 self-report procrastination assessments using responses collected from 242 students. Participants’ scores on each self-report instrument were compared to each other using correlations and cluster analysis. Lasso estimation was used to test the self-report scores’ ability to predict two behavioral measures of delay (days to study completion; pacing style). The self-report instruments exhibited strong internal reliability and moderate levels of concurrent validity. Some self-report measures were predictive of days to study completion. No self-report measures were predictive of deadline action pacing, the pacing style most commonly associated with procrastination. Many of the self-report measures of procrastination exhibited poor fit. These results suggest that researchers should exercise caution in selecting self-report measures and that further study is necessary to determine the factors that drive misalignment between self-reports and behavioral measures of delay.
  • Item
    Museum crawl
    (University of California Press, 2013-02) Bate, Seth
    Reviewed work(s): Wyandotte County, Kansas, Museum Crawl. Sponsored by the Museums and Historical Sites of Wyandotte County, Bridgette Jobe, coordinator. November 3, 2012. Participants: National Agricultural Center & Hall of Fame, Cathi Hahner, executive director; Elizabeth Lumpkin, curator. Wyandotte County Historical Society & Museum, Patricia Schurkamp, director; Jennifer Laughlin, museum curator. Old Quindaro Museum and Information Center, Jesse Hope, director. Quindaro Underground Railroad Museum, Luther Smith, volunteer. Strawberry Hill Museum and Cultural Center, Adrienne Nastav, museum curator. Sumner High School Alumni Room, Granvile T. O’Neal, curator. Clendening History of Medicine Museum and Archives at University of Kansas Medical Center, Nancy J. Hulston, archives director; Dawn McInnis, rare book librarian. Grinter Place State Historical Site, Joe Brentano, site director.
  • Item
    Considering DSM-5: the personal experience of schizophrenia in relation to the DSM-IV-TR criteria
    (GUILFORD PUBLICATIONS INC, 2012) Flanagan, Elizabeth H.; Solomon, Lesley Anne; Johnson, Amy; Ridgway, Priscilla; Strauss, John S.; Davidson, Larry
    Previous analyses have suggested that the personal experience of schizophrenia might be different from its depiction in the DSM-IV-TR. In this study, 17 people with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were interviewed about their experiences of the DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia. Descriptive phenomenological analysis was used to analyze the ways in which the personal experiences of the people in this study were similar to or different from the depiction of schizophrenia in the DSM-IV-TR. The personal experience of schizophrenia was similar in some way to each of the five diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia. Participants' personal experiences also went beyond the DSM-IV-TR criteria. Specifically, participants described strong emotional reactions to their symptoms, including fear, sadness, embarrassment, and alienation. Also, participants described intense interest but severe disruptions in goal-directed behavior due to their hallucinations being engrossing, confusing, and distracting. Further, participants described not sharing their experiences in order to avoid social stigma. These findings suggest that the description of schizophrenia in DSM-5 may benefit from a change to DSM-IV-TR criteria to incorporate more of the personal experience of schizophrenia. Further research is needed to establish the representativeness, reliability, and validity of the qualitative findings described here.
  • Item
    A topography of self-help groups: an empirical analysis
    (National Association of Social Workers, 2000-03) Wituk, Scott A.; Shepherd, Matthew D.; Slavich, Susan; Warren, ML.; Meissen, Gregory J.
    The current managed health care system creates an environment in which social workers need to be knowledgeable about low-cost interventions. Self-help groups have the potential to be beneficial to social workers' clients. Surprisingly, little is known about the characteristics and activities of many groups and the extent to which groups receive guidance and support from professionals and established national and local organizations. Whereas many social workers are aware of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), there are thousands of other types of groups that could be helpful to their clients. This study examines the member and group characteristics, professional involvement, and local and national affiliations of 253 self-help groups. Results suggested that many groups have shared leadership, recruit group members, receive assistance from professionals, and receive guidance from national and local organizations. Results are discussed in terms of how social workers can assist and use self-help groups in the current managed health care system.
  • Item
    Factors contributing to the survival of self-help groups
    (Springer, 2002-06) Wituk, Scott A.; Shepherd, Matthew D.; Warren, Mary; Meissen, Gregory J.
    Despite the growing utilization of self-help groups, there have been only a handful of studies that have examined the factors that contribute to their survival. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that contribute to self-help group survival by examining their relationship with external sources (i.e., national and local self-help organizations, professionals) and group organizational characteristics (i.e., leadership diversification, recruitment, attendance at group meetings). Representatives from 245 active and 94 recently disbanded self-help groups were included in the analysis. Results indicated that the primary factors that discriminated between active and disbanded groups were the number of new people to attend a meeting, average group meeting attendance, length of existence, leadership diversification, outreach to potential group members, and support from national and local organizations. Results are discussed in terms of what national self-help organizations, self-help clearinghouses, and others who interact with self-help groups can do to empower and support them.