PSY Research Publications

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    Using music to facilitate attentional control and restoration
    (European Acoustics Association, EAA, 2023) Baldwin, Carryl L.; Sutton, Rachel
    People often listen to music while performing other tasks, including surgical operations. Music impacts performance and listener state in a variety of ways. In this targeted review, we examine the affective and attentional consequences of key dimensions of music. Specifically, the extant literature will be discussed within the specific context of the useof music in medical settings, including the operating the- atre, post-operative recovery, and for stress reduction and healing in general patient hospital rooms. © 2023 Carryl Baldwin et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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    Frustration, Confusion, Surprise, Confidence, And Self-Doubt: Cyber Operators' Affects During A Realistic Experiment
    (SAGE Publications Inc., 2023) Gutzwiller, Robert S.; Gilbert, Madison; Drescher, T.J.; Ferguson-Walter, Kimberly J.; Mikanda, Noella; Johnson, Craig J.; Scott, Dakota
    In this paper we examine data from a complex two-day experiment with professional cyber red teamers to determine what creates, or contributes, to affective states that may further disrupt attackers. Participants rated their frustration, surprise, confidence, self-doubt, and confusion at the end of each day, and these responses were scored on a Likert scale and using Thematic analysis. We found several elements strongly contributed to the frequency and severity of these affective states, supporting our initial hypothesis, and further that (1) experiencing a Lack of Progress impacted four of the five states with moderate severity, and (2) interacting with elements in the environment that Deviated from what was expected was associated strongly with surprise. Implications for cyber defense and limitations of the method are discussed. © 2023 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.
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    25 years of Neuroergonomics: Will we get to the Golden Jubilee?
    (SAGE Publications Inc., 2023) Mehta, Ranjana K.; Tyagi, Oshin; Kim, Ji-Eun; Yu, Denny; Baldwin, Carryl
    Twenty-five years ago, Raja Parasuraman -- the pioneer of neuroergonomics -- wrote the first book on neuroergonomics. Since then, neuroergonomics, the science of the brain and behavior at work, has contributed significantly to our understanding of human behavior in use-inspired domains. Aided by considerable advancements in sensor technologies, neuroergonomics has made seminal impacts in the design of safer and more efficient human-machine systems. However, there remain some challenges that create barriers to entry for new researchers and practitioners to adopt neuroergonomic approaches, including training requirements, consensus on emerging data analytics and their interpretation, (mis)alignments with behavioral research paradigms, resource burden, lack of community, and ethical considerations. In this panel, we will discuss these challenges and provide insights into and recommendations for overcoming these barriers. The panel will also discuss what the future (and hopefully the next twenty-five years) of neuroergonomics holds. © 2023 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.
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    A Potential Case of Change Blindness in an Officer-Involved Shooting
    (SAGE Publications Inc., 2023) Martin, Jeffrey A.; Suss, Joel M.
    The perceptual phenomenon of change blindness has been widely researched in the scientific literature, mostly in laboratory studies. This case study reviews the fatal shooting of a woman who suddenly backed her car in the general direction of law enforcement officers as other officers were attempting to extract her from the car. The deputy who eventually fired at the woman initially had his TASER drawn; when he perceived the car reversing toward officers, he tried to holster his TASER before drawing and firing his handgun. By the time the deputy fired, the woman had stopped reversing and was driving the car forward (i.e., not toward officers). Even after viewing police in-car-camera video, the deputy was adamant that he perceived the car as still moving backward when he fired. The facts are compared to the characteristics of change blindness and other human factors potentially at play. © 2023 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.
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    Design and Development of an Augmented Reality Interface for Space Exploration
    (SAGE Publications Inc., 2023) Hutton, Abbie; Bui, Bill; Hubener, Valerie
    The Holographic Augmented Reality Visualization Interface for Exploration (HARVIE) was developed for the 2022 NASA SUITS (Spacesuit User Interface for Students) challenge. HARVIE assists astronauts with elevated demands of the lunar surface through navigation, terrain sensing, and an optimal display of suit status elements (e.g., oxygen, battery, and heart rate). Considering environmental constraints, the system architecture promotes efficient cross modal communication between the mission control center, other astronauts, and the user interface. Currently, the system utilizes a hands-free modality such as speech recognition. Throughout the design process, we conducted heuristic evaluations on a low-fidelity prototype. Then, we implemented HARVIE into a high-fidelity prototype on the HoloLens 2 and utilized the Rapid Iterative Testing & Evaluation (RITE) method for human-in-the-loop testing. Lastly, we evaluated our final design at NASA Johnson Space Center. Our interface serves as a novel approach to enhance how astronauts navigate on missions using augmented reality. © 2023 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.
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