Journal of Management and Engineering Integration, v.15 no.2

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    Journal of Management & Engineering Integration, v.15, no.2 (Winter)
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2022-12) Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS)
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    Challenges to the implementation of lean practices in higher education: Is the culture in higher education conducive to adoption of lean principles and philosophy?
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2022-12) Kluse, Christopher; Shannon, Chris J.
    Lean in higher education, often abbreviated as LHE, has grown in interest over the past 20 years. The application of lean principles has been observed in higher education institutions throughout the world. Many researchers have investigated both the success and the failure of lean in higher education. Although lean originated in the automotive industry, and both the automotive industry and higher education report success and failure, there is no comparison of the factors between these groups. Culture is cited quite frequently in the literature as a barrier to success. Thus, there is a need for investigation into the cultural differences between higher education and the automotive industry as they relate to lean. This paper uses Schein's three elements of culture to evaluate the differences in culture between higher education and the automotive industry. It concludes with recommendations on how to best deploy the practices of lean in higher education given the cultural differences and challenges between the two sectors.
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    Business analytics at Florida commuter colleges: The impact and effectiveness of implementing a business analytics program
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2022-12) Gooden, Joachim P.; Ford, Rakeem R.; Black, Jason T.
    Only forty of Florida's one-hundred seventy-eight colleges and universities are public, meaning the vast majority are privately run. Many of these schools provide associate degrees or certificates (Community College Review, 2021). Commuter colleges hold the distinction of providing off-campus student living, with the majority offering two-year degrees. Despite the growing need in industry for individuals who can manage large amounts of data, commuter colleges rarely offer business analytics courses, causing many students to miss out on such employment opportunities. Most businesses struggle with analytical planning and are looking for experts who can turn data into insight (Albright & Winston, 2016). The absence of data analytics capabilities causes organizations to waste data resources at a rate of approximately sixty to seventy percent (Forrester, 2017). Intrinsically, universities of all sizes, including commuter colleges, need to train and produce more data analysts. Many major universities now offer business analytics degrees, yet business analytics degrees are available at less than twenty percent of commuter colleges. The goal of this research is to investigate whether commuter colleges would indeed benefit from business analytics programs and to determine the appropriate analytics degree curricula most optimal for these types of institutions. The paper will present an exhaustive comparison of the state of Florida's colleges and universities, including commuter colleges, examining both business intelligence and business analytics degree programs. The objective is to analyze the impact and effectiveness of these programs at larger universities and present a model for developing such programs at commuter colleges.
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    Effects of functional nanomaterials for reduction of carbon monoxide levels in the workplace and homes
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2022-12) Asmatulu, Eylem; Pham, Anh
    Carbon monoxide (CO) at high concentrations is extremely poisonous to humans and other invertebrates. It is one of the leading causes of unintentional deaths in the United States. Furthermore, people with heart diseases are more vulnerable to high CO levels since they already have a reduced ability to get oxygenated blood to their hearts. Functional nanomaterials (metallic nanoparticles [NPs], carbon nanotubes [CNTs], and nanofibers [NFs]) offer a high surface area, low weight-to-volume ratio, flexibility, and high porosity, which are perfect properties for gas absorption. Many nanomaterials are currently playing an essential role in CO-capturing technologies. This paper focuses on the usage of those functional nanomaterials for CO absorption and their absorption mechanisms. Due to high surface area and porosity, these materials have been widely used to absorb pollutants, including toxic gas like CO. Fabrications, CO-absorbing mechanisms, and absorbing properties of some nanomaterials will be discussed here.
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    Designing, fabricating, and testing of portable electrospun nanofilter systems for domestic water purification
    (Association for Industry, Engineering and Management Systems (AIEMS), 2022-12) Nepal, Kiran; Khan, Waseem Sabir; Khan, Altaf; Asmatulu, Ramazan
    Membrane technology has been playing a vital role in water filtration and purification. Various technologies such as sand filtration, reverse osmosis, treatment with chemical disinfectants, and distillation have been used in the past for clean water sources. Membrane technology is a relatively easy method with many important features, including low operational temperature, low power consumption, and free of chemical additives. Membrane filtration can be further improved by using nanofibrous media in portable forms for drinking water supplies. Electrospun nanofibers possess high porosities, high surface area, good permeability and flexibility, unidirectional orientation, and well-connected pore structures, and therefore, an ideal candidate for portable water filtration purposes. Electrospinning is a novel method of fabricating nanofibers in various forms. In this study, nanofibrous membranes were fabricated using two polymers (polyacrylonitrile - PAN and polyethylene glycol -PEG), one solvent (dimethylformamide - DMF), and activated charcoal at different electrospinning conditions (DC voltages, pump speeds, and collector distances). Different water samples from the local pond, water jet cutter water, tap water, deionized (DI) water, and carbon black (CB) deionized water were used in this study. The water samples were tested for turbidity, total dissolved solids (TDS), electrical conductivity (EC), pH, and refractive index. The test results indicated that the proposed portable nanofilter system substantially improved the quality of the water sources for drinking and other household use. It is concluded that these nanofibrous membranes can easily purify contaminated water by eliminating impurities, such as organic and inorganic particles, viruses, bacteria, algae, and other pathogens.