ANTH Theses

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 47
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    Buried archives: Developing a geospatial database of maple grove cemetery
    (Wichita State University, 2023-07) Rue, Sara Evelyn; Moore-Jansen, Peer H.
    Cemeteries across the world provide a vast amount of information about the regional communities they were built within. While this information can be gathered and analyzed as is, adding in the geospatial element provides further information for both a researcher and a layperson about the communities that developed these places of rest. As cemeteries have changed form throughout human existence, having this additional geospatial information gives a new perspective on burials. Maple Grove Cemetery in Wichita, Kansas is of the Victorian style Rural Landscape cemetery. It is designed, organized and landscaped with the intention of providing the living with a place of beauty and repose as they grief for and visit their dead. While ultimately the place is for the burial of a community’s dead, it is also a place highly used by the living and the spatial design of such reflects that. Furthermore, rural cemeteries are highly reflective of the traditions, values and perspectives of the regional communities that have built them. This work is an effort to begin a fully realized geospatial database of the over twenty-four thousand graves currently on forty of the sixty available acres at Maple Grove Cemetery. GPS data, interment records, lot sale receipts, and images of headstones have been gathered and curated with the objective of merging all of it into a searchable open access geospatial database. ArcGIS Pro as well as ArcGIS Online and Storymaps have been used towards this end.
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    Morphological variation in the bicondylar angle of the human femur
    (Wichita State University, 2022-05) Fant, Carly Janelle; Moore-Jansen, Peer H.
    The bicondylar angle is the angle between the intercondylar plane that is perpendicular to the femoral shaft. The formation of the angle is influenced by biological factors, behavioral patterns, and how one interacts with their environment during ontogenesis. The bicondylar angle is theorized to be sexually dimorphic in some populations and can be slightly altered after ossification by significant changes in behavior through bone remodeling, but few studies exist attempting to measure the degree of change. This thesis presents a different tool and methodology for measuring the bicondylar angle on dry femora of a modern Southwestern sample from the STAFS collection at Sam Houston State University.
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    Lithic variability at the emergence of the Great Bend Aspect: Bison hunting and processing toolkits from Southern Kansas
    (Wichita State University, 2022-05) Banks, Jennifer M.; Dozier, Crystal A.
    Recent investigations have identified campsites and village sites that were occupied right before the emergence of the Great Bend Aspect, an ancestral Wichita complex in central and southern Kansas, with clear associations with bison hunting and lithic procurement. How these closely distributed campsites and their village components are related is not yet understood. Lithic material acquisition and use patterns show a specialized economy centered around bison hunting and processing tool production. The presented research attempts to associate three campsites in southern Kansas (14BU402-3, 14CO419, and 14CO423) and one village site (14SR501) with the emergence of the Great Bend Aspect based frequencies of projectile points, beveled knives, and raw material use. This thesis looks at the intra- and inter-site variability of projectile points, beveled knives, and scrapers of three campsites and one village site occupation. These sites show heavy use of local and non-local raw materials to produce formal stone tools that show standardization in morphology across sites.
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    Size and shape differences of the basicranium using craniometric morphometric methods
    (Wichita State University, 2020-05) Moss, Benjamin H.; Moore-Jansen, Peer H.
    This study predominantly examined sexually dimorphic size and shape differences of the basicranium. Landmark coordinate data was collected from crania from the Southeast Texas Applied Forensic Science Facility at Sam Houston State University in Huntsville, Texas. 42 landmarks from 191 individuals of reported White group affiliation were recorded, divided into data subsets, and used to compute traditional linear measurements, centroid sizes, and shape differences using principal components and relative warp graphs. Discriminant functions applied to all linear measurements and basicranial linear measurement produced classification accuracies of 88.48% and 71.73% respectively. T-tests of centroid sizes showed significant differences between male and female means for all subsets meaning that males exhibited significantly larger crania than females. Principal component analyses and their respective relative warp graphs exhibited relative homogeneity between male and female shapes within the sample. Despite the homogeneity of shape between the sexes, consistent significant shape differences between males and females were observed in the basicranium. Males consistently exhibited increased basicranial flexion between the landmarks Basion and Hormion in comparison to females. Increased basicranial flexion and larger cranial vaults in males compared to females supports previous allometric research stating that larger cranial vaults correlate with an increase in basicranial flexion. It is suggested that further research on the possible correlation of cranial vault size and basicranial flexion focuses on allometric differences rather than sexual dimorphism.
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    Morphological variation in the human scapula related to age & sex
    (Wichita State University, 2020-05) Weatherall, Claire; Moore-Jansen, Peer H.
    This study will observe quantitative morphological changes in the human scapula regarding advancing age and sex. 21 standardized measurements were taken of 266 scapulae at the W.M. Bass Collection in at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. All measurements were expected to vary between males and females, between age groupings: 4 measurements of the body were taken in order to determine general size differences in the scapula, 5 border measurements in order elucidate possible differences in shape, 8 measurements were recoded to identify curvature changes in the scapula, and 2 measurements were taken of the glenoid fossa. Many of these measurements were identified previously as having both sexually distinctive characteristics and some also identified as showing differences with advancing age. While there have been previous studies outlining differences in the scapula regarding both sex and age estimation, population is of great importance and supplementing these studies with another population is of value to the scientific record. Descriptive statistics and an independent samples t-test were utilized. Both statistical tests show significant sex differences between males and females in all categories with exception of one curvature measurement (CILC). Between age groups, this is much the same with one curvature measurements in the younger age group (CILB) and three in the older age group (CILC and CIBC) showing no statistically significant change. Overall the results suggest a larger scapula in males then females, with overall decreases in size with advancing age and increasing border robusticity.
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